sTSTE PPIK a
JuNT op RANGER
GOBLIN VALLEY STATE PARK
JUNIOR RANGER PROGRAM
Welcome to Goblin Valley State Park!
Are you between the ages of six and 12?
Do you want to learn more about Goblin Valley State
Do you want to become a Junior Ranger?
To become a Junior Ranger complete at least six
activities in this booklet. Once you've completed the
activities, return to the visitor center with your booklet
to receive an official Junior Ranger badge!
Rangers and Naturalists take care of our state parks. In
this booklet you will learn about some of the jobs they
do. You will learn how YOU can help take care of Goblin
Discovering Goblin Valley
Some of the first people to discover Goblin Valley were
cowboys searching for cattle.
Imagine you were the first person to find Goblin Valley.
How would you describe it?
What would you name it?
As a Junior Ranger, it is important to explore the park so
you can learn more about it. You will be able to share
what you have found with other visitors. Explore with a
parent and please leave everything as you find it for
other visitors to enjoy.
Find some of the things listed below:
o Something soft
o Something prickly
o Something you smell
o Something that moves
o Something you can climb
o Something an animal lives in
o Something that is food for an animal
You can list items, draw pictures, or write a story about
what you see, hear, smell and feel during your discovery
A Story in the Rocks
Geologists are people who study rocks. Rocks can tell
geologists a story about what the landscape was like in
the past. Goblin Valley's story goes something like this:
Once upon a time, about 160 million years ago when
dinosaurs walked the earth, Goblin Valley looked
much different than it does today. There were
mountains to the west, sand dunes to the east, and an
inland sea nearby! Sand and clay washed down from
the mountains to create layers of sediment here. With
pressure from the layers above and lots of time, that
sand and clay turned to rock. Geologists call it
Can you think of something else that has layers?
7 IT-r3) •3° .---)
Sedimentary rock layers
might remind you of this!
Connect the dots to find out!
.-p • . g *IT , t• .14 .......
......<........::..... St :
i • .ta ; • •
How did the Goblins form?
Over time, cracks develop in the rock layers and
rainwater seeps in. In cold weather the water freezes
and expands causing the rock cracks to widen.
This happens over and over again, pushing the rocks
apart. Softer rocks in between the cracks wash away.
Wind and rain round the rock edges causing the goblins
to take shape!
Draw a goblin that you saw today! Does it remind you
of anything else?
The Soil is Alive!
Rangers and Naturalists help take care of all living things.
In some areas of the park, even the soil is alive!
Biological ("living") soil crust is very fragile. One
footprint can damage years and years of growth!
What does it look like? It is very hard to see when it's
young but as it gets older, you'll see black bumps on the
top of the soil.
What is it? Tiny plants like algae, fungus, lichen and
even bacteria, all help to form the soil crust. It can also
be called Cryptobiotic Soil (crypto = hidden, biotic = life).
What does it do? It holds sand together, holds water
and provides nutrients to help plants grow.
Where can I see it? Look for soil crust on the Curtis
bid you find it? If you did, draw a picture below of
what it looks like to you!
Remember, don't bust the crust!
All living things need:
They find this in their HABITAT!
Can you find these plants in their desert habitat?
Joint Fir (Mormon Tea)
Goblin Valley Crossword
Write the answers to each question or picture in the
5. This person learns about
the park and helps park staff
keep it clean and safe.
10. Wind and water
help form the goblins.
DOWN: 1. Layers of sand and clay that has
hardened over time is called
4. This type of
in Goblin Valley.
7. Animals that are
most active at night are
Create a Goblin Valley Food Web!
What is a food web? A food web is a way of connecting
plants and animals in their habitat by showing who eats
who! Some plants and small animals can be eaten by many
different types of larger animals.
Connect the plants and animals below with arrows.
A mother kit fox has moved
to another den and lost track
of one of her pups. Can you
help the kit fox pup find the
new den and her family?
Who Am I?
Rangers and Naturalists teach visitors about the plants and
animals that live in and around Goblin Valley. You can teach
your friends and family about what you've learned. Use the
clues below to solve these riddles:
• I wander through the desert looking for grasses and
shrubs to eat
• Both males and females of my species have horns
• I am the fastest land mammal in North America but I
don't like to jump
• I am white and light brown in color
I AM A:
• I am shy
• I spend the cold winter months sleeping
• In summer, I hunt at night for small animals to eat
• If you get too close I may warn you by shaking the
rattle on the end of my tail.
I AM A:
I can live in hot weather and in freezing temperatures
I store water in my body
I need sunlight, water and nutrients from the soil
Spines and prickles protect my body
I AM A:
What is going on?
Rangers make sure all visitors in the park follow the
rules. Rules are in place to make sure the park and its
visitors are protected and safe.
Color or circle any activities that are against the rules.
What can you do to help?
Many of the animals at Goblin Valley are nocturnal so
they only come out at night to look for food. That keeps
them from getting too hot! During the day, you may see
Draw a line from the tracks to the animal that made
Being a Junior Ranger
As a Junior Ranger, your job is to help park staff protect
state parks, the plants and animals that live there, and
help visitors enjoy their stay.
Why is it important to have and protect state parks?
Rangers promise to take care of parks so they are safe
for wildlife and can be enjoyed by park visitors. Write
your own Junior Ranger promise and recite it to any park
staff when you return to the visitor center.
As a Junior Ranger, I promise to:
Congratulations on participating in the Junior Ranger
Program. Please return to the visitor center to receive
your. Junior Ranger badge!
This certifies that
Has successfully completed the
Junior Ranger Program
Goblin Valley State Park
And is now a Junior Ranger in good standing
With Utah State Parks
Park Staff Signature
Illustrations for this booklet by Josh Allred