Butterflies and Dragonflies
Butterflies of Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Texas. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Butterflies of Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge Established in 1994, the 25,000-acre Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge is a remnant of what was once a much larger, frequently flooded, bottomland hardwood forest. You are still able to view vast expanses of ridge and swale floodplain features, numerous bayous, oxbow lakes, and cypress/tupelo swamps along the Trinity River. It is one of only 14 priority-one bottomland sites identified for protection in the Texas Bottomland Protection Plan. This type of habitat is used during migration or nesting by nearly 50 percent of the migratory bird species listed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Over 275 species of birds occur in the hardwood forest and associated wetlands in eastern Texas; while over 100 bird species are known to breed there. These forests also support a wide diversity of mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and fish including the federally listed bald eagle and alligator. For more information, visit our website: http://southwest.fws.gov/refuges/texas/ trinityriver Contact the Refuge staff if you should find an unlisted or rare species during your visit and provide a description. Creole Pearly-eye, (Enodia creola). Photograph by Mike Blessington/USFWS Swallowtails (Papilionidae) Pipevine Swallowtail Battus philenor Black Swallowtail Papilio polyxenes Giant Swallowtail Papilio cresphontes Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus Spicebush Swallowtail Papilio troilus Palamedes Swallowtail Papilio palamedes Whites and Sulphurs (Pieridae) Checkered White Pontia protodice Great Southern White Ascia monuste Falcate Orangetip Paramidea midea Orange Sulphur Colias eurytheme Southern Dogface Colias cesonia Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae Large Orange Sulphur Phoebis agarithe Little Yellow Eurema lisa Sleepy Orange Eurema nicippe Dainty Sulphur Nathalis iole Gossamer-winged Butterflies (Lycaenidae) Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus White-M Hairstreak Parrhasius melinus Gray Hairstreak Strymon melinus Red-banded Hairstreak Calycopis cecrops Dusky-blue Groundstreak Calycopis isobeon Ceraunus Blue Hemiargus ceraunus Reakirt’s Blue Hemiargus isola Eastern Tailed-Blue Everes comyntas Brush-footed Butterflies (Nymphalidae) American Snout Libytheana carinenta Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae Julia Heliconian Dryus julia Zebra Heliconius charitonius Variegated Fritillary Euptoieta claudia Phaon Crescent Phycoides phaon Pearl Crescent Phycoides tharos Question Mark Polygonia interrogationis Mourning Cloak Nymphalis antiopa American Lady Vanessa virginiensis Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta Common Buckeye Junonia coenia Red-spotted Purple Limenitis arthemis astyanax Viceroy Limenitis archippus Goatweed Leafwing Anaea andria Hackberry Emperor Asterocampa celtis Funereal Duskywing, (Erynnis funeralis). Photograph by Garry Tucker/USFWS Brush-footed Butterflies, Cont. Tawny Emperor Asterocampa clyton Southern Pearly Eye Enodia portlandia Creole Pearly-eye Enodia creola Gemmed Satyr Cyllopsis gemma Carolina Satyr Hermeuptychia sosybius Little Wood-Satyr Megisto cymela Monarch Danaus plexippus Queen Danaus gilippus Skippers (Hesperiidae) Silver-spotted Skipper Epargyreus clarus White-striped Longtail Chiodes catillus Long-tailed skipper Urbanus proteus Dorantes Longtail Urbanus dorantes Northern Cloudywing Thorybes pylades Horace’s Duskywing Erynnis horatius Funereal Duskywing Erynnis funeralis Wild Indigo Duskywing Erynnis baptisiae Common Checkered-Skipper Pygrus communis Tropical Checkered-Skipper Pygrus oileus Swarthy Skipper Nastra lherminier A Black Swallowtail Caterpillar, (Papilio polyxenes). Photograph by Garry Tucker/USFWS Skippers, Cont. Neamathla Skipper Nastra neamathla Clouded Skipper Lerema accius Least Skipper Ancyloxypha numitor Southern Skipperling Copaeodes minimus Fiery Skipper Hylephila phyleus Whirabout Polites vibex Southern Broken-Dash Wallengrenia otho Northern Broken-Dash Wallengrenia egeremei Little Glassywing Pompeius verna Sachem Atalopedes campestris Yehl Skipper Poanes yehl Broad-winged Skipper Poanes viator Dukes’ Skipper Euphyes dukesi Dun Skipper Euphyes vestris Lace-winged Roadside Skipper Amblyscirtes aesculapius Eufala Skipper Lerodea eufala Ocola Skipper Panoquina ocola For further information Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge P.O. Box 10015 Liberty, TX 77575 936/336-9786 77 species as of November 2010