brochure Anahuac - Butterflies

Butterflies of Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Texas. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).

Species on Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge Facts about Butterflies SWALLOWTAILS ‰ Pipevine Swallowtail ‰ Black Swallowtail ‰ Giant Swallowtail ‰ Eastern Tiger Swallowtail ‰ Spicebush Swallotail Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge showcases at least 55 butterfly species, including the largest North American butterfly (Eastern Giant Swallowtail) and the smallest (Western Pygmy-blue). WHITES ‰ Checkered White ‰ Great Southern White SPREAD-WING SKIPPERS ‰ White-striped Longtail ‰ Long-tailed Skipper ‰ Horace’s Duskywing ‰ Funereal Duskywing ‰ White-checkered Skipper* ‰ Tropical Checkered Skipper GRASS SKIPPERS ‰ Swarthy Skipper ‰ Clouded Skipper SULPHURS ‰ Least Skipper ‰ Orange Sulphur ‰ Southern Skipperling ‰ Cloudless Sulphur ‰ Fiery Skipper ‰ Southern Dogface ‰ Broad-winged Skipper ‰ Little Yellow ‰ Bay Skipper ‰ Sleepy Orange ‰ Dun Skipper ‰ Dainty Sulphur ‰ Eufala Skipper HAIRSTREAKS ‰ Brazilian Skipper ‰ Gray Hairstreak ‰ Salt Marsh Skipper ‰ Red-banded Hairstreak ‰ Obscure Skipper ‰ Dusky-blue Groundstreak ‰ Ocola Skipper BLUES *The White-checkered ‰ Western Pygmy Blue skipper and Common ‰ Ceraunus Blue Checkered-white are often ‰ Reakirt’s Blue referred to as Common/ SNOUTS White Checkered-skippers ‰ American Snout because observation under FRITILLARIES micrsocopes is needed to tell ‰ Gulf Fritillary the two species apart. ‰ Variegated Fritillary TRUE BRUSHFOOTS ‰ Phaon Crescent ‰ Pearl Crescent ‰ Question Mark ‰ American Lady ‰ Painted Lady ‰ Red Admiral ‰ Common Buckeye ADMIRALS ‰ Red-Spotted Purple ‰ Viceroy LEAFWINGS ‰ Goatweed Leafwing EMPERORS ‰ Tawny Emperor The Monarch butterfly is the official state insect of Texas. Monarchs pass through the refuge twice a year on their migrations north and south. We are worried about monarch survival because their populations are declining rapidly. The monarch is just one of many butterflies that is in decline. Each butterfly species can only eat specific plants. Host plants provide the correct food for caterpillars, and nectar plants provide the correct food for adult butterflies. Habitat protection and restoration are key to saving butterfly populations. What can you do to help? Landscape with native plants, or if you have a porch, plant native plants in flower pots. Learn about the host plants of your favorite butterflies and support habitat restoration. Use this checklist as a start to exploring the butterflies of this area. If you get a good photo, consider uploading it to a citizen science site. Every observation helps! For More Information Contact Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge P.O. Box 278, 4017 FM 563 Anahuac, TX 77514 409/267-3337 409/267-4314 Fax SATYRS ‰ Carolina Satyr MONARCHS ‰ Monarch ‰ Queen Images © Tripp Davenport; Alan Schmierer June 2020 U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge Butterflies Monarch Viceroy Question Mark Common Buckeye Gray Hairstreak Dusky-blue Groundstreak Queen Gulf Fritillary Pipevine Swallowtail Black Swallowtail Red-banded Hairstreak Western Pygmy-Blue Tawny Emperor Variegated Fritillary Giant Swallowtail Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Common/White-Checker Tropical Checkered Skipper Painted Lady Phaon Crescent Little Yellow Cloudless Sulphur Funereal Duskywing American Snout Pearl Crescent Red Admiral Fiery Skipper Least Skipper Ocola Skipper Long-tailed Skipper

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