Birds of Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Texas. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Birds of Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge This list contains 323 species considered part of the refuge avifauna as of March 2020. Species are listed in accordance with the seventh edition of the A.O.U. Checklist and its 2019 Supplement. Symbols used are defined as follows: Sp Su F W Spring Summer Fall Winter C Common: Has been observed for all or part of the season; commonly encountered. Uncommon: Has been observed for all or part of the season; less likely to be encountered. Occasional: Observed only a few times during the season; sometimes encountered. Rare: Not observed every year during the season; seldom encountered. Very Rare: Has been observed only once or twice since 2009. Has only been observed at the Chenier Plain Headquarters (situated on FM 563, two miles south of I-10). U O R V ¶ March - May June - July August - November December - February Common Name Ducks, Geese, and Swans Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Fulvous Whistling-Duck Snow Goose Ross’s Goose Greater White-fronted Goose Cackling Goose Canada Goose Tundra Swan Wood Duck Blue-winged Teal Cinnamon Teal Northern Shoveler Gadwall American Wigeon Mallard Mottled Duck Northern Pintail Green-winged Teal Canvasback Redhead Ring-necked Duck Greater Scaup Lesser Scaup Bufflehead Common Goldeneye Hooded Merganser Red-breasted Merganser Ruddy Duck Grouse, Quail, and Allies Northern Bobwhite Sp Su F W C C C C C C C C U C C R U U U C C V R V V O O O O C U C C O O O C U C C C U C C C C C C C C C C C C U C C C C C U U U U U U C O O C O O O C U C O C U O V R O O O O O O C O C C U U U U Common Name Sp Su F Grebes Least Grebe V V Pied-billed Grebe C C C Horned Grebe R R Eared Grebe U U Pigeons and Doves Rock Pigeon U U U Eurasian Collared-Dove O O O Inca Dove O O R Common Ground-Dove R R White-winged Dove U U U Mourning Dove C C C Cuckoos Groove-billed Ani R R Yellow-billed Cuckoo U U U Black-billed Cuckoo O Nightjars Lesser Nighthawk O Common Nighthawk C C C Chuck-will’s-widow R O Eastern Whip-poor-will V Swifts Chimney Swift U U U Hummingbirds Ruby-throated Hummingbird C U C Black-chinned Hummingbird V V Rufous Hummingbird R Rails, Gallinules, and Coots King Rail C C C Clapper Rail C C C Virginia Rail U U Sora C R C Common Gallinule C C C American Coot C C C Purple Gallinule C C C Yellow Rail O R Black Rail O R Cranes Sandhill Crane O O Shorebirds Black-necked Stilt C C C American Avocet C U U American Oystercatcher O O O Black-bellied Plover C U C American Golden-Plover U V Snowy Plover R O Wilson’s Plover O O O Semipalmated Plover U U Piping Plover R R Killdeer C C C Upland Sandpiper U O O Whimbrel C R O Long-billed Curlew U R U Hudsonian Godwit U Marbled Godwit U O O Ruddy Turnstone U O U Red Knot O O Ruff R Stilt Sandpiper C R O Sanderling U O O Dunlin C U W C R U U O O U C R V C C U C C C R V O C C O C O R U R C R U O U O O U Common Name Sp Su F Shorebirds, Continued Baird’s Sandpiper U U Least Sandpiper C U C White-rumped Sandpiper C O Buff-breasted Sandpiper O U Pectoral Sandpiper U O U Semipalmated Sandpiper O O Western Sandpiper U R U Short-billed Dowitcher U U Long-billed Dowitcher C R U American Woodcock R Wilson’s Snipe C C Wilson’s Phalarope U V U Spotted Sandpiper U U O Solitary Sandpiper U U U Greater Yellowlegs C C C Willet C C C Lesser Yellowlegs C O C Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers Bonaparte’s Gull O R Laughing Gull C C C Franklin’s Gull R O Ring-billed Gull C O C Herring Gull U O U Lesser Black-backed Gull O R Least Tern U U U Gull-billed Tern U U U Caspian Tern U O U Black Tern U U C Common Tern O O O Forster’s Tern C C C Royal Tern U U U Sandwich Tern O U U Black Skimmer O O O Loons Pacific Loon Common Loon U O Storks Jabiru V Wood Stork U U Frigatebirds,Boobies and Gannets Magnificent Frigatebird O O O Brown Booby V Northern Gannet V Cormorants and Anhingas Anhinga U U U Neotropic Cormorant C C C Double-crested Cormorant C U C Pelicans American White Pelican U O C Brown Pelican C U C Herons, Ibis, and Allies American Bittern U U Least Bittern C C C Great Blue Heron C C C Great Egret C C C Snowy Egret C C C Little Blue Heron C C C Tricolored Heron C C C Reddish Egret U U U Cattle Egret C C C Green Heron C C C W C U U C R C R U R C C U O C C U R U U O C U R O V U R R U C C C C U O C C C C C U U U Common Name Sp Su F W Herons, Ibis, and Allies, Contin. Black-crowned Night-Heron U C U U Yellow-crowned Night-Heron U C C U White Ibis C C C C Glossy Ibis O O O O White-faced Ibis C C C C Roseate Spoonbill C C C C Vultures, Hawks, and Allies Black Vulture C C C C Turkey Vulture C C C C Osprey U R U U White-tailed Kite U U C C Swallow-tailed Kite O O O Golden Eagle V R R Mississippi Kite O O O Northern Harrier C O C C Sharp-shinned Hawk O U U Cooper’s Hawk O O U U Bald Eagle O U U Harris’s Hawk V V White-tailed Hawk O O O O Red-shouldered Hawk O O U U Broad-winged Hawk O O O Swainson’s Hawk U U U R Red-tailed Hawk C U C C Ferruginous Hawk R Owls Barn Owl U U U U Eastern Screech-Owl R R R Great Horned Owl U R U U Burrowing Owl R R R Barred Owl R R R Short-eared Owl U U Kingfishers Belted Kingfisher C R C C Woodpeckers Yellow-bellied Sapsucker U O O Red-headed Woodpecker R R O Red-bellied Woodpecker U U U U Downy Woodpecker U U U U Pileated Woodpecker O R R Northern Flicker O R O R Caracaras and Falcons Crested Caracara C C C C American Kestrel C C C Merlin O U U Peregrine Falcon O R U U Tyrant Flycatchers: Pewees, Kingbirds & Allies Olive-sided Flycatcher O U Eastern Wood-Pewee U U Yellow-bellied Flycatcher O O Acadian Flycatcher O O O Alder/Willow Flycatcher O R Least Flycatcher O O O R Eastern Phoebe C C C Say’s Phoebe R R Vermilion Flycatcher O O O Ash-throated Flycatcher O O Great Crested Flycatcher O O O Great Kiskadee V Tropical/Couch’s Kingbird R Western Kingbird O R O Eastern Kingbird C C C Scissor-tailed Flycatcher C C C O Fork-tailed Flycatcher V Shrikes Loggerhead Shrike C C C C Vireos White-eyed Vireo C O U O Bell’s Vireo R Yellow-throated Vireo O Blue-headed Vireo O O O Philadelphia Vireo O Warbling Vireo O R Common Name Sp Su F Vireos, Contin. Red-eyed Vireo C O Jays, Magpies, Crows, and Ravens Blue Jay U O U American Crow ¶ Larks Horned Lark R C R Martins and Swallows N. Rough-winged Swallow C O C Purple Martin U U U Tree Swallow C O C Bank Swallow U U U Barn Swallow C C C Cliff Swallow C C C Cave Swallow O O O Tits, Chickadees, and Titmice Carolina Chickadee O O O Tufted Titmouse R R Nuthatches Red-breasted Nuthatch R R Treecreepers Brown Creeper R R Wrens House Wren R C Winter Wren R Sedge Wren C C Marsh Wren C C C Carolina Wren O O R Gnatcatchers Blue-gray Gnatcatcher C C Kinglets Golden-crowned Kinglet O O Ruby-crowned Kinglet C C Thrushes Eastern Bluebird O O O Veery O Gray-cheeked Thrush U Swainson’s Thrush C Hermit Thrush U O Wood Thrush U O American Robin U O Catbirds, Mockingbirds and Thrashers Gray Catbird C O U Brown Thrasher U U Northern Mockingbird C C C Starlings and Mynas European Starling C C C Wagtails and Pipits American Pipit U U Sprague’s Pipit R V Waxwings Cedar Waxwing U O Finches, Euphonias, and Allies House Finch O R R Purple Finch ¶ Pine Siskin R American Goldfinch R R New World Sparrows Grasshopper Sparrow O O Chipping Sparrow U O Clay-colored Sparrow R V Field Sparrow O O Lark Sparrow O O Fox Sparrow V Dark-eyed Junco R White-crowned Sparrow C C Harris’s Sparrow R R White-throated Sparrow O O Vesper Sparrow U O LeConte’s Sparrow O O Seaside Sparrow C C C Nelson’s Sparrow U O Savannah Sparrow C C W U R O R C R R O R C O C C O C O C O O U U U C C U R O R O O O R O O V C R O U O C O C Common Name Sp Su F New World Sparrows, Contin. Song Sparrow U U Lincoln’s Sparrow C U Swamp Sparrow C C Eastern Towhee R Yellow-breasted Chat Yellow-breasted Chat O V Blackbirds Yellow-headed Blackbird O O Bobolink O Western Meadowlark O V V Eastern Meadowlark C C C Orchard Oriole C C C Baltimore Oriole U R Red-winged Blackbird C C C Bronzed Cowbird U U U Brown-headed Cowbird C C C Rusty Blackbird V Brewer’s Blackbird O O Common Grackle C C C Boat-tailed Grackle C C C Great-tailed Grackle C C C Wood-warblers Ovenbird U R Worm-eating Warbler U R Louisiana Waterthrush U O Northern Waterthrush U O Golden-winged Warbler R Blue-winged Warbler O Black-and-white Warbler C O Prothonotary Warbler C O O Swainson’s Warbler O Tennessee Warbler U O Orange-crowned Warbler C C Nashville Warbler O O MacGillivray’s Warbler V Mourning Warbler V O Kentucky Warbler O V Common Yellowthroat C C C Hooded Warbler U O American Redstart U O Cape May Warbler R Cerulean Warbler R Northern Parula C O Magnolia Warbler U O Bay-breasted Warbler U Blackburnian Warbler U Yellow Warbler U Chestnut-sided Warbler U Blackpoll Warbler O Black-throated Blue Warbler R Palm Warbler U U Pine Warbler O V V Yellow-rumped Warbler C C Yellow-throated Warbler O R Prairie Warbler R R R Black-throated Green Warbler C O Canada Warbler R R Wilson’s Warbler U V O Cardinals, Grosbeaks, and Allies Summer Tanager C V R Scarlet Tanager C R Western Tanager R Northern Cardinal C C C Rose-breasted Grosbeak U O Blue Grosbeak U U Lazuli Bunting V Indigo Bunting C O U Painted Bunting U U U Dickcissel C C C Old World Sparrows House Sparrow O O O June 2020 W C C C R O O C R C O C V O C C C C R C U R C R R R C O