Interpretive Guide of Bonham State Park (SP) in Texas. Published by Texas Parks & Wildlife.
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INTERPRETIVE GUIDE Over 80 years of memories have been made here at Bonham State Park; we hope you create your own memories here. THANK YOU FOR VISITING! A HIDDEN OASIS, BONHAM STATE PARK SITS ON 261 ACRES IN CENTRAL FANNIN COUNTY. TUCKED AWAY FROM THE NEARBY METROPLEX, THE PARK OFFERS A REFUGE FROM THE 21ST CENTURY, A PLACE FOR FAMILIES AND FRIENDS TO ENJOY RECREATIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES. TUCKED AMONG BLACKLAND PRAIRIE REMNANTS AND MATURE HARDWOOD FORESTS ALONG THE CREEKS, A 65-ACRE LAKE SPARKLES, PROVIDING A HOME FOR A VARIETY OF PLANTS AND ANIMALS. OVER SEVEN MILES While enjoying this natural beauty, please remember that everything you see in the park is protected. Artifacts, rocks, plants, and animals (even snakes) are all part of the region’s rich cultural and natural heritage. Help us keep recreational use sustainable for the future and protect these resources by leaving things as you find them. Help us honor the legacy of the men who developed this beautiful park for many years to come by keeping it safe and clean. We hope you will visit these other state parks while visiting East Texas: Eisenhower State Park 50 Park Road 20, Denison • (903) 465-1956 Ray Roberts Lake State Park – Johnson Branch 100 PW 4153, Valley View • (940) 637-2294 Lake Tawakoni State Park 10822 FM 2475, Wills Point • (903) 560-7123 Visit www.tpwd.texas.gov for more information on these and other Texas state parks and historic sites. Bonham State Park 1363 State Park 24 Bonham, TX 75418-9285 (903) 583-5022 www.tpwd.texas.gov/bonham/ Cover and intro photos courtesy of Danielle Bradley. OF TRAILS AWAIT BOTH NOVICE AND EXPERIENCED HIKERS AND BIKERS. Proud Sponsor of Texas Parks and Wildlife Programs © 2018 TPWD. PWD BR P4503-019J (7/18) In accordance with Texas State Depository Law, this publication is available at the Texas State Publications Clearinghouse and/or Texas Depository Libraries. TPWD receives funds from the USFWS. TPWD prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, disability, age, and gender, pursuant to state and federal law. To request an accommodation or obtain information in an alternative format, please contact TPWD on a Text Telephone (TDD) at (512) 389-8915 or by Relay Texas at 7-1-1 or (800) 735-2989. If you believe you have been discriminated against by TPWD, please contact TPWD or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office for Diversity and Workforce Management, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041. Texas State Parks is a division of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. BONHAM STATE PARK B O N H A M S T A T E P A R K MORE THAN A TREE Interwoven through the park’s natural and cultural histories, the bois d’arc tree tells the stories of Bonham State Park. The park is located adjacent to Bois d’Arc Creek, which is considered to be the epicenter of the plant’s range. The Caddo Indians in this area saw the bois d’arc tree as a weapon just waiting to be carved. The highly coveted bows made from its wood travelled the trade routes as far as Arizona, Montana and the Great Plains. In less than 200 years, European settlers to this area would also discover the benefits of this tree species. Upon its original settlement in 1837, the town of Bonham was referred to as Bois d’Arc up until 1844. As this site is in the northern range of the Blackland Prairie, farmers had a difficult time finding cheap wood to fence in their prairie properties. Enter the bois d’arc. Referred to as Osage Orange or “hedge apple,” this species was ideal for creating fence-like hedges that very quickly became “pig tight, horse high and bull strong.” Once grown in, these fences were too dense for a pig to squeeze through, too high for a horse to jump, and too strong for a bull to push over. During this park’s construction, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) quarried stone, constructed fences, and transplanted over two thousand trees. This park is unique in that it showcases four examples of the National Park Service rustic style: the boathouse, dance pavilion, This CCC schematic outlines using bois d’arc posts. concession building (now park headquarters) and the water tower. The CCC also found a use for bois d’arc in their construction of the park; on the single-lane road crossing the dam, bois d’arc posts were used to create the guardrail. While the original posts may not stand along the dam, the legacy this tree left behind stands tall as ever. Bois d’arc is all around us but rarely noticed. Take a moment to reflect, a single tree species helped shape this park’s past. How can it shape your future? CCC LEGACY This 261-acre park epitomizes the CCC-park formula—an earthen dam impounds a small lake, refectory, and landscape features for the purposes of erosion control and public recreation. Between 1933 and 1936, CCC Company 894 camped on this high ground in Fannin County surrounded by longused cotton fields. The enrollees fashioned a pleasant oasis from rocky, scrub brush hills and built a 65-acre lake which has remained a favorite retreat for Bonham swimmers and anglers alike. Construction of the Dam, 1934. Using hand tools, enrollees in Company 894 work the sloped side of the earthen dam. MAN AND ANIMAL ALIKE I n this area, the bois d’arc tree benefits more than just its human inhabitants. Tucked in amongst the Eastern red-cedar and burr oak trees, the bois d’arc trees stand tall and proud. Migrating songbirds rely on the thorny foliage for shelter, a place to rest along their journey. Watch for fox squirrels digging through the fruit in late summer, scavenging for seeds. Young saplings provide the perfect post for bucks to rub the velvet off their antlers. As you explore the park, keep your eyes open for the orange-tinted bark and large, green, brain-like fruits, also known as “horse apples.” What wildlife do you see using the bois d’arc tree here at Bonham State Park? DANIELLE BRADLEY