Interpretive Guide of Blanco State Park (SP) in Texas. Published by Texas Parks & Wildlife.
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INTERPRETIVE GUIDE BLANCO This 104-acre park provides a surprising variety of recreational opportunities. However you enjoy the park, help us care for it by preserving the cultural and natural resources. PARK, THE BLANCO RIVER • Preserve the integrity of the historic CCC structures by using them with respect. • Hike only on designated trails and stay out of closed areas. • Leave no trace. Keep your park and river clean by not littering. • Preserve the park for future generations and leave plants, animals, and fossils where you find them. • Get involved by joining the Friends of Blanco State Park, a volunteer, non-profit organization committed to the preservation, protection, and improvement of the park. SHOWCASES FURTHER READING MEANDERING THROUGH THE STONE WHITE TERRACES, LIMEPECAN FLATS, AND MAJESTIC BALD CYPRESS TREES. THE BLUEGREEN WATERS FLOW OVER TWO DAMS, CONSTRUCTED BY THE CIVILIAN CONSERVA- TION CORPS IN THE 1930S. THESE TRANQUIL FALLS ARE S TAT E PA RK Texas State Parks and the CCC: The Legacy of the Civilian Conservation Corps by Cynthia Brandimarte with Angela Reed, Texas A&M University Press, 2013 Parks for Texas by James Wright Steely, University of Texas Press, 1999. For more information about programs or volunteering, contact the park or visit our website and Facebook page. 101 Park Road 23 • Blanco, Texas 78606 (830) 833-4333 • www.tpwd.texas.gov/blanco www.facebook.com/BlancoStatePark CALLING YOU TO TAKE A DIP, THROW OUT A LINE, OR FLOAT © 2020 TPWD. PWD BR P4507-0012J (4/20) In accordance with Texas State Depository Law, this publication is available at the Texas State Publications Clearinghouse and/or Texas Depository Libraries. TPWD receives funds from the USFWS. TPWD prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, disability, age, and gender, pursuant to state and federal law. To request an accommodation or obtain information in an alternative format, please contact TPWD on a Text Telephone (TTY) at (512) 389-8915 or by Relay Texas at 7-1-1 or (800) 735-2989 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. If you believe you have been discriminated against by TPWD, please contact TPWD, 4200 Smith School Road, Austin, TX 78744, or the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office for Diversity and Workforce Management, 5275 Leesburg Pike, Falls Church, VA 22041. Texas State Parks is a division of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. JOHN CHANDLER IN SPRING-FED WATERS. B L A N C O S T A T E P A R K SPRINGS OF LIFE STORIES IN STONE The Blanco River emerges from springs bubbling up through permeable layers of limestone 19 miles west of the park. The Trinity aquifer and more natural springs feed the river along its winding path. You can even see two springs flowing inside the park. The flowing water and landscape are teeming with an array of wildlife that hunt, forage, and raise their young here. Birds nest in the towering bald cypress and American sycamore trees that anchor the riverbanks. Great blue herons perch atop the Great blue heron dams waiting for the right moment to spear a largemouth bass. The stouter green heron wades in the shallow waters in search of smaller fish. Keep your eyes open for spiny softshell turtles, raccoons, and water snakes that make their homes along the river. T he Great Depression of the 1930s brought hardship to the nation. Many people faced a tough time with few jobs, no money, and little hope. President Franklin D. Roosevelt created the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) in 1933 to help conserve our natural resources, and restore the nation’s hope. The CCC provided unemployed young men, ages 18-25, the opportunity to gain skills and education while building parks and doing resource conservation. In return, they received housing, three square meals a day, and medical care. Moreover, they received $30 a month each, $25 being sent home to support their families. Floodwaters plowed through Blanco State Park in 2015. WILD AND UNRULY Rugged hills, spring-fed creeks, and steep limestone banks draw people to the Texas Hill Country. But heavy and sudden rains can cause the otherwise docile rivers to become wild and unruly, giving the Hill Country another nickname: Flash Flood Alley. Also in 1933, local landowners sold their land to the State of Texas to create a park. Within a month, CCC Company 854 arrived in Blanco. They worked for 11 months, shaping the land into the park we know today. The company of 177 men constructed dams, roads, bridges, and other park facilities, including the stone Picnic Pavilion. Heavy rains hammered the Hill County in May 2015 and saturated the Blanco River watershed. On May 23, 10 to 13 inches of rain fell within 24 hours. The river rose an astounding 30 feet. Water rushed through Blanco State Park, and lapped at the bottom of the Highway 281 bridge. These floodwaters caused widespread devastation and, tragically, 11 deaths downstream. JOHN CHANDLER Not surprisingly, the river and springs attracted Native Americans, the Spanish, and early settlers to the area. In 1721, a Spanish expedition named the river “Blanco” for its white limestone banks. During the 1800s, European settlers built homes and grazed cattle, using the available water and land. You can still use many of the park facilities built by CCC enrollees, a testament to their craftsmanship. Picnic at a stone table, or swim in a pool created by the CCC-constructed dam. These structures have withstood the test of time and survived many floods, including the historic 2015 flood.