by Alex Gugel , all rights reserved

Sequoia

National Park - California

Sequoia National Park is adjacent to Kings Canyon National Park in California's southern Sierra Nevada mountains. It's known for its huge sequoia trees, notably the General Sherman Tree dominating the Giant Forest. The underground Crystal Cave features streams and striking rock formations. Moro Rock is a granite dome offering sweeping park views. Nearby is the Tunnel Tree, a toppled tree cut to accommodate the road.

location

maps

Official Visitor Map of Sequoia National Park (NP) and Kings Canyon National Park (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia and Kings Canyon - Visitor Map

Official Visitor Map of Sequoia National Park (NP) and Kings Canyon National Park (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Detail of the Official Visitor Map of Sequoia National Park (NP) and Kings Canyon National Park (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia and Kings Canyon - Visitor Map Detail

Detail of the Official Visitor Map of Sequoia National Park (NP) and Kings Canyon National Park (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units

Map of the U.S. National Park System. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Park Units and Regions

Map of the U.S. National Park System with Unified Regions. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).National Park System - National Heritage Areas

Map of the U.S. National Heritage Areas. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Recreation Map with Storm Damage Response Roads, Trails and Recreation Site Closures of Sierra National Forest (NF) in California. Published by the U.S. Forest Service (USFS).Sierra NF - Storm Damage Response

Recreation Map with Storm Damage Response Roads, Trails and Recreation Site Closures of Sierra National Forest (NF) in California. Published by the U.S. Forest Service (USFS).

Vintage 1948 USGS 1:250000 Map of Fresno in California. Published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).Vintage USGS - Fresno - 1948

Vintage 1948 USGS 1:250000 Map of Fresno in California. Published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

Vintage 1947 USGS 1:250000 Map of Mariposa in California. Published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).Vintage USGS - Mariposa - 1947

Vintage 1947 USGS 1:250000 Map of Mariposa in California. Published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

brochures

Winter Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia & Kings Canyon Guide - Winter 2023/2024

Winter Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Fall Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia & Kings Canyon Guide - Fall 2023

Fall Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Summer Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia & Kings Canyon Guide - Summer 2023

Summer Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Spring Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia & Kings Canyon Guide - Spring 2023

Spring Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Late Winter Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia & Kings Canyon Guide - Late Winter 2023

Late Winter Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).Sequoia & Kings Canyon Guide - Fall 2019

Visitor Guide to Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks (NP) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

https://www.nps.gov/seki https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sequoia_National_Park Sequoia National Park is adjacent to Kings Canyon National Park in California's southern Sierra Nevada mountains. It's known for its huge sequoia trees, notably the General Sherman Tree dominating the Giant Forest. The underground Crystal Cave features streams and striking rock formations. Moro Rock is a granite dome offering sweeping park views. Nearby is the Tunnel Tree, a toppled tree cut to accommodate the road. Huge mountains, rugged foothills, deep canyons, vast caverns, and the world’s largest trees exemplify the diversity of landscapes, life, and beauty here. Explore these pages to plan your visit or to learn about the plants and animals here and the threats they face. Ancient giant sequoias may seem invincible, but they, too are vulnerable. Two highways enter the parks. Hwy 180 from Fresno leads east to Kings Canyon National Park, then continues 30 miles east to Cedar Grove. Hwy 198 from Visalia leads east to Sequoia National Park via Three Rivers. Inside the parks, Highway 198 becomes the Generals Highway, which connects 198 to 180. Vehicles over 22-feet long should enter the parks via Highway 180. In winter, the Generals Highway between the parks often closes. Chains may be required on park roads. No roads cross these parks east to west. Cedar Grove Visitor Center This visitor center is next to the South Fork of the Kings River in mixed conifer forest at an elevation of 4,600 feet (1,400 m). Learn about the natural and cultural history of the Cedar Grove area. Nearby services include accessible restrooms and a pay phone. On Highway 180, 30 miles (48 km) east of Grant Grove. Next to Sentinel Campground. Foothills Visitor Center This visitor center is one mile past the Ash Mountain entrance station along the Generals Highway. Stop here for information, maps, books, gifts, and restrooms. Browse exhibits about the ecology and human history of the foothills, and join a free ranger-led program. On the Generals Highway 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the Ash Mountain Entrance. Giant Forest Museum The museum is housed in a historic market in the Giant Forest sequoia grove at 6,500 feet (1,980 m) elevation. Explore exhibits about sequoias and learn why this landscape grows the biggest of big trees. Stop here before you explore the grove. During wilderness permit non-quota season, permits can be picked up at a self-issue station outside the museum. On the Generals Highway 16 miles (26 km) north of the Ash Mountain Entrance. Kings Canyon Visitor Center This visitor center is in Grant Grove Village at an elevation of 6,500 feet (1,980 m). Learn about three regions in Kings Canyon National Park: giant sequoia groves, Kings Canyon, and the High Sierra. Watch a 15-minute movie (English/Spanish). A park store sells books, maps, and educational materials. On Highway 180 in Grant Grove Village, 3 miles (5 km) east of the Big Stump Entrance. Lodgepole Visitor Center Located in the conifer zone at an elevation of 6,700 feet (2,040 m), the visitor center provides opportunities to view exhibits, get trip planning advice, get a wilderness permit, watch several park films, or shop at the gift shop. New exhibits immerse visitors in the wilderness environments of the parks, from the foothills to the highest peaks and to underground caves, as well as exploring the human history of the southern Sierra Nevada with tactile exhibits and soundscapes from every park environment. On the Generals Highway 21 miles (34 km) north of the Ash Mountain Entrance. 2 miles (3 km) north of the General Sherman Tree. Mineral King Ranger Station Located in a mixed-conifer forest at 7,600 feet (2,320 m), the Mineral King Ranger Station houses some exhibits on Mineral King's human and natural history. Books, maps, and educational items for sale. Food storage canisters are available. Obtain wilderness permits here. Planning to park overnight? Marmots may attempt to get in your car's undercarriage or damage wiring. Make sure that you wrap the underside of your vehicle in a tarp. On the Mineral King Road 24 miles (39 km) from the junction of Highway 198 in Three Rivers. Atwell Mill Campground All sites are reservation only. 𝗢𝗽𝗲𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗗𝗮𝘁𝗲: Not currently accepting reservations for summer 2023, due to winter storm damage. Typically, reservations would begin on April 24, 2023, on a one-month rolling basis. The campground is situated along the East Fork of the Kaweah River. There are limited services at Silver City Resort, 1.7 miles (3 km) east of the campground. More services can be found in Three Rivers, 23 miles (37 km) west of Atwell Mill Campground (approximately 1.5 hours away). Camping Fee 32.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access Pass or Senior Pass Camping Fee 16.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access or Senior Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Accessible Restroom A primitive restroom building The ground around the restroom is level and firm-packed. Campsites Picnic tables on level ground in a shady forest Atwell Mill's campsites are in a shady sequoia grove. Campground Entrance A sign reads "Atwell Mill Campground" near a narrow road The roads leading to the campground are extremely narrow and winding. Accessible Campsite A marker with an accessibility symbol near a forested campsite This accessible campsite features level, firm-packed surfaces. Azalea Campground Open year-round except when weather or safety conditions require a closure. All sites are reservation only except during the winter. Reservations can be made up to four months in advance. Only twenty sites are open during winter months. Camping Fee for Tent and RV Sites 32.00 This fee is charged for standard sites that accommodate up to 6 people, and is charged per night. During winter, from November 1, 2023, to May 7, 2024, only 20 sites are available and all are first-come, first-served. During this time, fees are cashless and must be paid by a QR code scan using the Recreation.gov mobile app. Download the app before visiting. Payment through the app will work with or without cell reception. The app might be able to be downloaded using WiFi at the Kings Canyon Visitor Center. Senior/Access Camping Fee-Tent and RVs 16.00 Fee is valid for up to six people at a campsite. Valid with America the Beautiful Senior or Access passes. During winter, from November 1, 2023, to May 7, 2024, only 20 sites are available and all are first-come, first-served. During this time, fees are cashless and must be paid by a QR code scan using the Recreation.gov mobile app. Download the app before visiting. Payment through the app will work with or without cell reception. The app might be downloaded using WiFi at the Kings Canyon Visitor Center. Azalea Campground Sign An engraved wooden sign Azalea Campground is located in Grant Grove just off of Highway 180. Azalea Campground Campsite A tent in a campsite Azalea Campground is a popular destination for tent campers. Azalea Campground Campsites Two campsites beneath incense cedars Azalea Campground is located in the mixed conifer zone, which includes Incense Cedars. Buckeye Flat Campground Closed until sometime in 2024 for necessary repairs from extensive damage from winter storms during the 2022-2023 winter. All sites are reservation only. Campers can hear the rushing Middle Fork of the Kaweah River from most sites. Due to high temperatures and dry conditions, fire restrictions are often in effect here. The Paradise Creek Trail departs from the campground, and the Middle Fork Trail is located nearby. Camping Fee 32.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access or Senior Pass Camping Fee 16.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access or Senior Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Accessible Site at Buckeye Flat Campground A paved ramp leads to a picnic table among oaks and tents This site is designated as accessible for people in wheelchairs. It has a paved ramp to and extended picnic table and a firm, flat surface leading to a tent pad. Buckeye Flat Tent Site A campsite below small oak trees Tent sites at Buckeye Flat Campground have picnic tables, fire rings, and metal food-storage boxes. Buckeye Flat Campground Site A campsite on a sunny day Buckeye Flat Campground is named for the California buckeye trees that grow in and around the sites. They conserve water by shedding their leaves during the hottest summer months. Buckeye Flat Campground, Site 26 Four camping chairs next to a tent at a wooded campsite Buckeye Flat Campground is in the foothills, where temperatures can be warm in summer. Buckeye Flat Campground, Site 26 Four camping chairs next to a tent at a wooded campsite Buckeye Flat Campground is in the foothills, where temperatures can be warm in summer. Canyon View Campground Not currently taking reservations for summer 2023, due to winter storm damage. Typically opens end of May with reservations beginning end of January, on a four-month rolling basis. Canyon View campground is located on Highway 180, 0.25 miles (400 m) from Cedar Grove Village. This group-only campground is on the floor of the canyon along the South Fork of the Kings River. It was named for its excellent views of Kings Canyon's granite cliffs. This campground is for medium and large groups. Mid-Sized Group Sites G1-G12 50.00 Mid-sized group sites at Canyon View Campground are for groups from 7 to 19 people. Large-Size Group Site B 60.00 This site accommodate from 20 to 30 people. This fee is charge per night. Large-Size Group Sites A, C & D 70.00 These sites accommodate from 20 to 40 people. This fee is charge per night. Canyon View Large-Size Group Site A A large-size group campsite Canyon View Campgrounds large-size group sites are popular during summer holidays. Canyon View Mid-Size Group Site G9 A mid-size group campsite Canyon View Campground contains mid-size group sites ideally suited for 7-19 people. Canyon View Group Site A group site at Canyon View Campground features several picnic tables in a circle. Canyon View group campsite Canyon View Group Campsite A shaded campsite is surrounded by fir trees and has two picnic tables. Canyon View group campsite Food Storage Boxes, Canyon View Campground Three large metal food storage boxes sit in a row in Canyon View Campground. These food storage boxes are large enough to hold all scented items, including stoves, coolers, toiletries, and even child car seats. Cold Springs Campground All sites are reservation only. 𝗢𝗽𝗲𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗗𝗮𝘁𝗲: Not currently taking reservations for summer 2023, due to winter storm damage. Typically, reservations begin on April 24, 2023, on a one-month rolling basis. Nestled among amid aspen trees and conifers, the campground is located near the Mineral King Ranger Station, 26 miles (42 km) - 1.5 hour drive time - from the Highway 198 junction in Three Rivers. There are limited services at Silver City Resort, 2.5 miles (4 km) west of the campground. Camping Fee 32.00 This fee is valid for up to six people at a campsite. Access or Senior Pass Camping Fee 16.00 Senior Passes and Access Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Cold Springs Campsite A picnic table and fire ring near trees A campsite along the wetter side of the campground Path to Walk-in Sites A rustic sign points to rocky steps A short walk from parking spots leads to the walk-in sites Accessible Restroom A sloping concrete path leads to a primitive toilet This vault toilet has a paved, wide path to its entrance. Crystal Springs Campground All sites are reservation only. Spring Opening: Usually the second Wednesday in May (subject to change) Individual site reservations are made on a two-days-in-advance rolling basis. Group site reservations are on a four-month rolling basis. Crystal Springs campground is located 4 miles (6 km) from Kings Canyon Park entrance in the Grant Grove area. The campground is situated under open stands of evergreen trees at an elevation of 6,500 feet (1,980 m). Services can be found in Grant Grove Village. Camping Fee for Tent and RV Sites 32.00 This fee is charged for standard sites that accommodate up to 6 people and is charged per night. Mid-Sized Group Sites (A-N) 50.00 Group sites at Crystal Springs Campground are for groups from 7 to 15 people. If you have a larger group, plan on getting more than one site, or choose a large group site at another campground. Access or Senior Pass Tent and RV Sites 16.00 Access or Senior Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Crystal Springs Campground Group Site C A large campsite surrounded by trees This mid-sized group site is for groups from 7 to 15 people. Crystal Springs Campground Campsite A picnic table and metal food-storage box next to a small meadow and trees Crystal Springs Campground is next to Grant Grove Village and near sequoia groves. Dorst Creek Campground Not currently taking reservations for summer 2024, due to recovery from past winter storm damage. All sites are reservation only. Ten miles (16 km) from the Giant Forest, this Campground rests under open stands of evergreen trees at an elevation of 6,800 feet (2,073 m). This centrally located campground is ideal for those exploring both parks. The trail to the Muir Grove of giant sequoias begins here. Tent or RV Sites 32.00 This fee is valid for up to six people at a single tent or RV site per night. Access or Senior Pass Tent or RV Sites 16.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Group Sites A & B 60.00 These group sites accommodate from 12 to 25 people. The fee is charged per night. Group Site D 70.00 This group site accommodates from 12-50 people. The fee is charged per night. Group Site C 80.00 This group site accommodates from 12 - 40 people. The fee is charged per night. Dorst Creek Campground Entrance An entrance sign reading "Dorst Creek Campground" beside a road Dorst Creek Campground is located amidst mixed conifers just off the General's Highway Dorst Creek Campground Site A campsite with a bear box and picnic bench Dorst Creek Campground is located beneath a mixed conifer forest. Dorst Creek Campground Campsite #8 A recreational vehicle parked in a campsite Dorst Creek Campground sites are well suited for recreational vehicles. Lodgepole Campground All sites are reservation only. Reservations are on a four-month rolling basis. Season Opening Date: Typically the Wednesday before Memorial Day. This large campground is on the Marble Fork of the Kaweah River within easy walking distance of Lodgepole Village. At an elevation of 6,700 ft (2,042 m), the campground can be snowy in spring and fall. Lodgepole Village offers a visitor center, market, shower, and laundry facilities. In summer, ride the free Sequoia Shuttle. Many nearby trails are located here. Camping Fee 32.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access or Senior Pass Camping Fee 16.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access or Senior Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Lodgepole Campground Tent Site A tent in a flat area next to a vehicle Lodgepole Campground has over 200 sites. Lodgepole Campground Site A campsite with a picnic table, fire ring, and food-storage box Each site at Lodgepole Campground has a picnic table, fire ring, and metal food-storage box. Lodgepole Campground Entrance Vehicles near a kiosk in a forested canyon When you arrive at Lodgepole campground, check in at the entrance kiosk. Moraine Campground Not currently taking reservations for summer 2023, due to winter storm damage. Typically opens end of May with reservations beginning end of April, on a one-month rolling basis. Just 0.75 miles (1.2 km) from Cedar Grove Village, Moraine Campground rests in the heart of King Canyon. It is located along the South Fork of the Kings River under stands of evergreen trees at an elevation of 4,600 feet (1,400 m). Visit Cedar Grove Village for services such as showers and food. Tent and RV Sites 32.00 This fee is charged for standard sites that accommodate up to 6 people, and is charged per night. Access or Senior Pass Tent and RV Sites 16.00 This fee is valid for up to six people at a campsite. Valid with America the Beautiful Senior or Access passes. Views from Moraine Campground Rocky cliffs tower above a pine and cedar forest All campgrounds in Cedar Grove lie along the Kings River and are connected with a paved path. Moraine Campground A brown woodsided-restroomwith a green roof is nestled among fir trees. A restroom at Moraine Campground Moraine Campground A campsite features a picnic table, fire grate, and food storage container. A campsite in Moraine Campground Moraine Campground A paved road traverses a forested area. Moraine Campground road Moraine Campground A level dirt campsite, ringed with trees, includes a food storage box. Moraine Campground campsite Potwisha Campground Except when weather or safety conditions require a closure, Potwisha Campground is open year-round with a four-month advance booking window. The campground sits at 2,100 ft (640 m) elevation along the Middle Fork of the Kaweah River under an open stand of oaks. Hot and dry weather in the foothills often require fire restrictions in the summer. In the winter, the campground is usually snow-free. Camping Fee 32.00 This fee is valid for up to six people at a single site and is charged per night. Senior/Access Camping Fee 16.00 This fee is valid for up to six people at a single site and is charged per night. Potwisha Campground Site #2 A campground site beneath oak trees Potwisha Campground is located amidst an open stand of oaks. Potwisha Campground Site #12 A tent set up beneath oak trees Potwisha Campground is well suited to tent camping. Potwisha Campground Site #35 Several vehicles parked at sites Potwisha Campground Potwisha Campground is popular among recreational vehicle users. Sentinel Campground Not currently taking reservations for summer 2024, pending Highway 180 repairs. Typically opens end of April with reservations beginning end of December, on a four-month rolling basis. This campground is located on Highway 180, is next to Cedar Grove Visitor Center, and is 0.25 miles (400 m) from Cedar Grove Village. The campground is situated in the canyon along the South Fork of the Kings River under open stands of evergreen trees. Services at Cedar Grove Village include food and showers. Tent and RV Sites 32.00 This fee is charged for standard sites that accommodate up to 6 people, and is charged per night. Access or Senior Pass Tent and RV Sites 16.00 Access or Senior Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Sentinel Campground A campsite in Sentinel Campground is nestled among fir trees. Sentinel Campground campsite with food storage box, picnic table, and fire grate. Sentinel Campground A forested campground area is covered in a layer of pine needles. Sentinel Campground area Sentinel Campground A campground containing pines and cedars, food storage boxes, and a picnic table. Sentinel Campground Sentinel Campground A campsite features a food storage box, picnic table, and a fire grate/grill. Campsite feature a food storage box, picnic table, and a fire grate/grill. Sheep Creek Campground Not currently taking reservations for summer 2023, due to winter storm damage. Typically opens end of May with reservations beginning end of April, on a one-month rolling basis. Sheep Creek Campground is located on Highway 180, 0.25 miles (400 m) from Cedar Grove Village. The campground is situated on the floor of the canyon beside the confluence of the South Fork of the Kings River and Sheep Creek. Services can be found in Cedar Grove Village. Tent and RV Sites 32.00 This fee is charged for standard sites that accommodate up to 6 people, and is charged per night. Access or Senior Pass Tent and RV Sites 16.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access or Senior Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Sheep Creek Campground A campsite contains a large tree, picnic table, grill, and food storage box. A campsites in Sheep Creek Campground Sheep Creek Campground A paved road through a campground forms a "Y," bordered by fir trees. Two signs can be seen. campground entrance Sheep Creek Campground A campsite that is heavily shaded by fir trees and contains a car-sized boulder. A campsites in Sheep Creek Campground Views from Sheep Creek Campground Views through pines of granite cliffs and blue skies Like all campgrounds in Cedar Grove, Sheep Creek lies along the canyon floor below grapnite cliffs. South Fork Campground South Fork Campground and its access road were heavily and extensively damaged by floods and landslides from winter storms. The campground is closed until further notice. This small, primitive campground is in a remote area of the foothills on the South Fork of the Kaweah River, away from main park highways and features. The dirt road to this area is completely impassable to vehicles due to extensive damage from winter storms. There is no potable water here. Trailers and RVs are not permitted. Camping Fee 6.00 This fee is valid for up to six people at a single site and is charged per night. Access or Senior Pass Camping Fee 3.00 This fee covers up to six people at a single campsite per night. Access or Senior Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. South Fork Vault Toilets Vault toilets at South Fork Campground South Fork Campground has water available from Mid-May through Mid-October South Fork Campground campsite South Fork Campground campsite South Fork Campground campsite South Fork Road A rugged, one-lane section of the South Fork Road. A rugged, one-lane section of the South Fork Road. Sunset Campground All sites are reservation only. 𝗢𝗽𝗲𝗻𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗗𝗮𝘁𝗲: June 16, 2023 (subject to change) Individual site reservations are on a one-month rolling basis. Group site reservations are on a four-month rolling basis. Sunset Campground is located 3 miles (5 km) from Kings Canyon Park entrance. It is located near Grant Grove Village in an open stand of evergreens. Services can be found in Grant Grove Village. A park amphitheater is located here and occasionally offers park programs. Tent or RV Sites 32.00 This fee is valid for up to six people at a single tent or RV site per night. Group Sites A & B 50.00 These group sites accommodate from 15 to 30 people. The fee is charged per night. Access or Senior Pass Tent or RV Sites 16.00 Senior Passes or Access Passes provide a 50 percent discount on some amenity fees charged for facilities and services such as camping, swimming, boat launch, and specialized interpretive services. This does not apply to group campsites. Sunset Campground Campsite A tent beside granite rocks in a campsite Sunset Campground is located amidst Sugar Pines and granite. Sunset Campground Sign An engraved wooden sign Attending Ranger-led evening programs at the Sunset Campground amphitheater is a popular summer actvitiy Sunset Campground site Sunset Campground campsite Sunset Campground campsite Kings Canyon A deep canyon with a forested floor and steep granite cliffs The Glaciers carved the Kings Canyon's steep granite cliffs, leaving a wide U-shaped valley. The Tablelands A steep granite slope leads from forest to a bare alpine landscape Just above Lodgepole Valley, the trail to the Watchtower offers views above the treeline. Moro Rock A guardrail encircles people along a narrow walkway with wide views A historic stairway leads to the top of Moro Rock, offering views from foothills to peaks Giant Sequoia in Winter A giant sequoia's reddish bark contrasts with the snow around it For those who don't mind icy roads, winter offers stunning views of sequoias in snow. Giant Forest Museum A rustic building is surrounded by giant sequoias Giant Forest Museum offers exhibits, park information, and a bookstore. California Tortoiseshell Clouds of California Tortoiseshells sometimes appear in the park during populations burst or mass migrations. An orange and black Buffalo Soldiers Before the establishment of the National Park Service in 1916, the U.S. Army was responsible for protecting our first national parks. Soldiers from the Presidio of San Francisco spent the summer months in Yosemite and Sequoia. Their tasks included blazing trails, constructing roads, creating maps, evicting grazing livestock, extinguishing fires, monitoring tourists, and keeping poachers and loggers at bay. Buffalo Soldiers in Yosemite Clear Waters Story Map Sierra Nevada lakes provide habitat for wild plants and animals and supply fresh water to downstream farms and communities. Their rugged settings and clear blue water make them popular hiking destinations. But the condition of these lakes is affected by deposition of air pollutants, warming temperatures, and non-native species. In this story map, readers join Sierra Nevada Network field scientists as they travel to remote areas and study lake ecosystems. Two women scientists wearing backpacks and smiling, standing in front of a mountain lake. River Hydrology Monitoring The Sierra Nevada national parks contain the headwaters of seven major watersheds, and the gradual spring melt of the winter snowpack provides water to park ecosystems as well as rural and urban areas throughout California. Learn more about the Sierra Nevada Network river hydrology project, monitoring the quantity and timing of streamflow in a subset of major rivers. Two women wearing raincoats and waders in the middle of a river taking measurements of flow levels. 2009 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Recipients of the 2009 Environmental Achievement Awards 2012 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Recipients of the 2012 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards California Condor Species description of the California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus). An adult condor with the wing tag label number 80 stands over a juvenile condor. Wildland Fire: Park Ridge Lookout National Historic Lookout Register In August, 2013, thirty people gathered at Park Ridge Lookout in Kings Canyon National Park to honor the recent addition of the lookout to the National Historic Lookout Register. The lookout was established in 1916 as an open-air platform with lean-to. In 1934 a two-story wooden lookout was built, but it was replaced in 1964 by a steel tower, which remains in place. This lookout is a valuable fire detection, educational, and historic resource for the park. Structural Fire Awards Presented to Parks and Firefighters for Excellence in Service In 2013 the NPS Office of Structural Fire presented awards to those parks and individuals who have made a difference over the past year in furthering the structural fire program agencywide. Article identifies recipients of Superior Achievement Award, Compliance Achievement Award, Outstanding Fire Instructor of the Year award, and Leadership Awards. Monitoring Wetlands Ecological Integrity Wetlands occupy less than 10 percent of the Sierra Nevada, but they are habitat for a large diversity of plants and animals. They provide nesting and foraging habitat for birds, play an important role in the life cycle of many invertebrate and amphibian species, and are a rich source of food for small mammals and bears. They store nutrients and sediment and control flooding. Learn more about monitoring of plant communities, groundwater dynamics, and macroinvertebrates. Biologists examine a soil profile in a meadow to evaluate the type of wetland. National Park Service Visitor and Resource Protection Staff Focuses on Week of Leadership Staff from all levels of the National Park Service in law enforcement, United States Park Police, as well as fire and aviation spent a week learning leadership lessons from one another as well as from a diverse group of leaders during the last week of September 2019. A group of women and men on a rocky outcrop in high desert. NPS Geodiversity Atlas—Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks, California Each park-specific page in the NPS Geodiversity Atlas provides basic information on the significant geologic features and processes occurring in the park. [Site Under Development] hiker on backcountry trail Monitoring Birds in Sierra Nevada Network Parks More than 60 percent of the vertebrate species in Sierra Nevada Network parks are birds. These parks provide critical breeding, stopover, and wintering habitats for birds, but there are numerous stressors such as climate change and habitat loss that cause declines in some bird populations. Learn more about why birds are good indicators of ecosystem change and how they are being monitored. Western Tanager perched on a tree branch Monitoring Lakes in Sierra Nevada Network Parks Sequoia & Kings Canyon and Yosemite national parks protect over 1,200 lakes that have some of the highest water quality in the Sierra Nevada. High-elevation lakes are critical components of the parks’ ecosystems, popular visitor destinations, and habitat for aquatic and terrestrial organisms. However, these lakes are affected by air pollution, climate change, and non-native species. Learn more about these lakes and how the Sierra Nevada Network monitors their water quality. Lake monitoring crew member paddles out for a mid-lake sample Morale, Welfare and Recreation in WWII National Parks Wartime NPS Director Newton Drury wrote 'In wartime, the best function of these areas is to prove a place to which members of the armed forces and civilians may retire to restore shattered nerves and to recuperate physically and mentally for the war tasks still ahead of them.' During World War II, parks across the United States supported the morale of troops and sought to become places of healing for those returning from war. B&W; soldiers post in front of large tree Parks Celebrate 50 Safe Years of Helitack Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks Helitack Program celebrated 50 safe and successful years in 2010. The parks have one of the oldest programs in the National Park Service. Helitack operations in these parks have evolved to include initial fire response, wildland fire monitoring, search and rescue, wilderness support missions, and other backcountry services. A man stands to the left of a red helicopter staring at a column of smoke. Nature Trail Prescribed Fire: Successful Implementation through Adapting and Timing in Cedar Grove The Nature Trail prescribed fire, completed in late fall, 2011, occurred in Cedar Grove in Kings Canyon National Park. This project provided critical fuels reduction between two separate developed areas: National Park Service employee housing and the National Park Service stables. The burn was completed in late fall to minimize impacts on visitors and employees. Park staff worked collaboratively and flexibly to complete the burn when conditions were best. firefighter with a lit drip torch, flames from a prescribed fire put off dark smoke STARFire: Strategic budgeting and planning for wildland fire management The system addresses key policy concerns by integrating risk analysis, fuels treatment, preparedness, and program analysis using the performance metric of return on investment in a scalable application. Map of Sequoia and Kings Canyon showing wildfire risk assessment; NPS/Sequoia–Kings Canyon NPs Park Air Profiles - Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks Air quality profile for Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks. Gives park-specific information about air quality and air pollution impacts for Sequoia & Kings Canyon NPs as well as the studies and monitoring conducted for Sequoia & Kings Canyon NPs. Spring blooms and Moro Rock Fire Communication and Education Grants Enhance Fire Interpretation and Outreach in the National Parks in 2015 and Beyond The 2015 National Park Service Fire Communication and Education Grant Program provided funding for projects, programs, or tasks in twelve parks around the country. A woman studies a small coniferous tree while a younger woman looks on. Lodge Prescribed Fire: Continuing Efforts to Keep Grant Grove a Fire-Adapted Human Community In fall 2012, fire crews completed the Lodge prescribed fire in Sequoia and Kings Canyon NP. The project provided critical fuels reduction next to the lodge and in the Grant Grove area, as well as fire effects benefiting the ecosystem. This project was one in a series of steps taken in the past 15 years to reduce fuels in the area, where fire had been excluded for more than 100 years. About 60% of dead and downed fuels were burned. Wildland Fire History — Interpreting Fire at Sequoia and Kings Canyon In the wake of all the media attention to fires after the historic 1988 Yellowstone fires, an interpreter from Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks discusses fire interpretation methods there. Articles discusses 1987 California State University-Fresno research study demonstrating the great value of the parks’ newspaper for getting the message out, as well as various ways the newspaper communicates the parks’ messages on fire. 2011 Freeman Tilden Award Recipients Discover the innovative and exciting programs of the recipients of the national and regional 2011 Freeman Tilden Awards for excellence in interpretation. LIza Stearns World War II Plane Crashes in National Parks During WWII, more than 7,100 air crashes involved US Army Air Force (USAAF) aircraft occurred on American soil. Collectively these crashes resulted in the loss of more than 15,599 lives (Mireles 2006). Many of these military aircraft accidents occurred in remote, often mountainous, areas managed by the National Park Service. plane crash at base of grassy hill California Condor Reintroduction & Recovery A tagged California condor flies free. NPS Photo/ Don Sutherland A wing-tagged California condor flying in the blue sky. Whitaker Prescribed Fire: A Story in Partnerships The Whitaker prescribed fire occurred in Redwood Mountain Grove, which is partially owned by UC Center for Forestry and home to the largest giant sequoia grove in the world. By monitoring change following the prescribed fire, scientists will increase our understanding of the relationship between fire and giant sequoias. Fire managers worked closely with the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District to select the best air quality windows to reduce local smoke impacts. firefighter with a chainsaw in the forest clearing the way 2003 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Recipients of the 2003 Environmental Achievement Awards 2002 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Recipients of the 2002 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Wildland Fire in Chaparral: California and Southwestern United States Chaparral is a general term that applies to various types of brushland found in southern California and the southwestern U.S. This community contains the most flammable type of vegetation found in the United States. Chaparral on steep rocky slopes. Windy Peak Fire: Response Considers National Fire Situation Although the Windy Peak fire was in a remote wilderness location, Sequoia and Kings Canyon NPs staff chose to contain it due to drought conditions and the need for firefighting resources throughout the state and nation. However, the response was similar in several ways to managing the fire for forest health. Sam Zuckerman Sam Zuckerman worked on the Sierra Nevada Network forest monitoring crew in 2017, and while he enjoyed the field work, this experience helped him decide he wanted to get involved with all the steps of carrying out a research project. He is pursuing a PhD in Natural Resources at the University of New Hampshire, where his research focuses on tree responses to drought in northeastern forests. Click on the article title to learn more. Field biologist uses meter tape to set up a forest monitoring plot in foxtail pine stand. National Park Service Finds Success at Hiring Event The National Park Service Fire and Aviation Program participated in a hiring event sponsored by the Department of Interior. The special hiring event was held in Bakersfield, CA and was a collaboration of all four natural resource management bureaus to hire open wildland fire positions in 2020. Employees talk to potential job candidates in front of a large promotional panel. Cave Exploration in the National Parks Most Americans may not realize that their National Park caves lie at the forefront of on-going cave exploration. Some of the longest caves on Earth are managed and protected by the NPS. And all of these caves contain unexplored passages and rooms that cavers seek to find and document. These giant cave systems are the site of on-going work by cavers to explore, map, photograph and inventory the extent of National Park caves. delicate thin mineral formations in a cave Megan Mason Megan Mason worked in Sierra Nevada national parks monitoring lake water chemistry and stream hydrology for two summer seasons. Her work in the Sierra inspired her to go on to graduate school in Geophysics, studying snow science - especially annual and seasonal snow depth patterns and how this information can improve forecasting of streamflow and snowmelt patterns. Learn more about her work and why she decided to pursue graduate research. Woman standing in snow pit holding metal triangular scoop for sampling snow density. Wildland Fire in Ponderosa Pine: Western United States This forest community generally exists in areas with annual rainfall of 25 inches or less. Extensive pure stands of this forest type are found in the southwestern U.S., central Washington and Oregon, southern Idaho and the Black Hills of South Dakota. Recently burned ponderosa pine forest. Vladimir Kovalenko Vladimir (Vlad) Kovalenko worked on the Sierra Nevada Network forest monitoring crew in 2015 and 2016, and this work inspired him to go on to graduate school at the University of Montana in 2020. He is pursuing a Master's Degree in Systems Ecology, and his research will focus on Clark's Nutcracker ecology in the whitebark pine ecosystem in Glacier National Park. Click on the title of this article to learn more. Four scientists wearing backpacks with a scenic view of Sierra Nevada mountains in background. National Park Service Commemoration of the 19th Amendment In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the passing of the 19th Amendment the National Park Service has developed a number of special programs. This includes online content, exhibits, and special events. The National Park Service’s Cultural Resources Geographic Information Systems (CRGIS) announces the release of a story map that highlights some of these programs and provides information for the public to locate and participate. Opening slide of the 19th Amendment NPS Commemoration Story Map White Pines in Decline - Research Highlights 20 Years of Change Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks are home to 5 species of white pine, but multiple stressors have led to sharp declines in two of these species. Scientists recently re-surveyed plots established in the 1990s for white pine blister rust (WPBR), a non-native pathogen. They found more than 50 percent of sugar pine had died, and 13 percent of western white pine – related to WPBR, mountain pine beetle, and fire. This work informs management of on-going threats to white pines. Looking up toward the tree tops from the base of two large dead sugar pines. Is the Fate of Whitebark Pine in the Beak of Clark's Nutcracker? Clark’s nutcrackers favor the seeds of whitebark pines, which they cache in great numbers. Whitebark pines are largely dependent on nutcrackers for seed dispersal; many cached seeds are not retrieved and go on to germinate. The tree is in decline due to native bark beetles, a non-native fungus, and climate change. Will the bird turn to other food sources? A recent study analyzes data on both species from the Cascades and Sierra to understand the risk to this mutualism. Gray and black bird with beak open perched in a conifer High-elevation Forest Monitoring Whitebark pine and foxtail pine occupy high-elevation Sierra Nevada treeline and subalpine habitats, environments often too harsh for other tree species to thrive. These forests can have a large influence on key ecosystem processes and dynamics, such as regulating snowmelt and streamflow and providing habitat and food for birds and mammals. Learn more about the threats these trees face and a monitoring program to track changes in their condition. Whitebark pine in Yosemite National Park with scenic granite peaks in background Series: Geologic Time Periods in the Mesozoic Era The Mesozoic Era (251.9 to 66 million years ago) was the "Age of Reptiles." During the Mesozoic, Pangaea began separating into the modern continents, and the modern Rocky Mountains rose. Dinosaurs, crocodiles, and pterosaurs ruled the land and air. As climate changed and rapid plate tectonics resulted in shallow ocean basins, sea levels rose world-wide and seas expanded across the center of North America. fossil dinosaur skull in rock face Series: NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Since 2002, the National Park Service (NPS) has awarded Environmental Achievement (EA) Awards to recognize staff and partners in the area of environmental preservation, protection and stewardship. A vehicle charges at an Electric Vehicle charging station at Thomas Edison National Historical Park Series: Cave Week—Featured Articles More than 20 parks across the US are participating in Cave Week via social media posts, cave tours, exhibits, school events, web pages and much more. The theme for Cave Week 2020 is, “Why do we go into caves?” This articles shares a few stories about why people (and bats) enter caves. person standing by underground lake in a cave Series: Park Air Profiles Clean air matters for national parks around the country. Photo of clouds above the Grand Canyon, AZ Cretaceous Period—145.0 to 66.0 MYA Many now-arid western parks, including Chaco Culture National Historical Park and Mesa Verde National Park, were inundated by the Cretaceous Interior Seaway that bisected North America. Massive dinosaur and other reptile fossils are found in Cretaceous rocks of Big Bend National Park. dinosaur footprint in stone Mesozoic Era The Mesozoic Era (251.9 to 66 million years ago) was the "Age of Reptiles." During the Mesozoic, Pangaea began separating into the modern continents, and the modern Rocky Mountains rose. Dinosaurs, crocodiles, and pterosaurs ruled the land and air. As climate changed and rapid plate tectonics resulted in shallow ocean basins, sea levels rose world-wide and seas expanded across the center of North America. fossil dinosaur skull in rock face Wildland Fire in Lodgepole Pine The bark of lodgepoles is thin, which does not protect the trunks from scorching by fire. They die easily when a fire passes through. However, the serotinous cones give lodgepole pine a special advantage for spreading seeds for the next generation. Close-up of the needles of a lodgepole pine. More Than “Just” A Secretary If you’re only familiar with modern office practices, you may not recognize many of jobs necessary to run an office or national park over much of the past hundred years. Today, typewriters have given way to computers, photocopy machines have replaced typing pools, stenographers are rarely seen outside of courtrooms, and callers are largely expected to pick extensions from digital directories. Women skiing Two for the Price of One Companion, assistant, confidant, ambassador, host, nurse, cook, secretary, editor, field technician, wildlife wrangler, diplomat, and social director are some of the many roles that people who marry into the NPS perform in support of their spouses and the NPS mission. Although the wives and daughters of park rangers were some of the earliest women rangers in the NPS, many more women served as “park wives” in the 1920s–1940s. Three members of a family Blanket Cave National Youth Park—Activity Enjoy a fun activity and learn about caves even when you can't get out to a park. In this activity you will build your own cave and learn how to make it like a "real" natural cave. Find out about cave formations and wildlife, and how to be safe and care for caves. New "Blanket Cave National Youth Parks" are springing up all across America! Join the fun! cartoon drawing of a childs and a park ranger exploring a cave Mary Kwart: Wildland Fire Pioneer Throughout her life, Mary Kwart defied gender stereotypes to create new spaces for herself and for future generations of women in land management agencies. In the early 1980s she was among the first women to join the Arrowhead Interagency Hotshots, an elite National Park Service crew, stationed at Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks. Kwart combined a spiritual connection with nature and a respect for and fascination with fire in her career as a wildland firefighter. Mary Kwart sits on the ground wearing sunglasses, hardhat, bandana, and firefighting uniform. Top 10 Tips for Visiting Sequoia and Kings Canyon This summer, plan your trip in advance so you can make the most of your time when you get here! We're expecting a busy summer, and we have tips that can help you plan a safe visit and avoid the crowds. A group of sequoia trunks with reddish bark Giant Sequoias Face New Threats The hotter drought of 2012-2016 was a tipping point for giant sequoias and other Sierra Nevada mixed-conifer forests. This article highlights the following impacts to giant sequoias: higher severity wildfires resulting in the death of thousands of large giant sequoias, bark beetles as a newly observed cause of death, and acute foliage dieback as a short-term response to drought. Responses to these changes require coordination with many partners and more public outreach. Beetle-killed giant sequoias near still living trees Preliminary Estimates of Sequoia Mortality in the 2020 Castle Fire Although some giant sequoia trees have stood for thousands of years and are adapted to withstand frequent low and mixed severity fires, preliminary estimates suggest that the 2020 Castle Fire killed between 31 to 42% of large sequoias within the Castle Fire footprint, or 10 to 14% of all large sequoias across the tree’s natural range in the Sierra Nevada. This translates to an estimated loss of 7,500 to 10,600 large sequoias. These estimates may change as we acquire new data. Park scientist walks on a slope amongst giant sequoias killed in the Castle Fire. Geologic Type Section Inventory for Sierra Nevada Network Parks A recent NPS Geological Resources Division report for Sierra Nevada Network parks highlights geologic features (or “stratotypes”) of parks that serve as the standard for identifying geologic units. Stratotypes are important because they store knowledge, represent important comparative sites where past knowledge can be built up or re-examined, and can serve as teaching sites for students. Learn more about Sierra Nevada geology and the stratotypes that help characterize it. View of sheer cliffs on northeast side of Mount Whitney, Sequoia National Park. General Grant National Park In October 1890, one week after the establishment of Sequoia National Park occurred, General Grant National Park was created for the purpose of preserving the second tallest sequoia tree, which was named after General Ulysses S. Grant. The area that was once General Grant National Park became General Grant’s Grove in 1940 and is today found in Kings Canyon National Park. Man seated in front of a large tree. “Wandering” Through Park Skies: How Peregrine Falcons Connect National Parks Peregrine falcons live across the world and can be found throughout the United States. Learn how four national parks are connecting visitors to these remarkable birds. A brown falcon sits on a green metal spike over water with a boat Wildfires Kill Unprecedented Numbers of Large Sequoia Trees Giant sequoias have lived with fire for thousands of years. Their thick, spongy bark insulates most trees from heat injury, and the branches of large sequoias grow high enough to avoid the flames of most fires. Also, fire’s heat releases large numbers of seeds from cones, and seedlings take root in the open, sunny patches where fire clears away fuels and kills smaller trees. But starting in 2015, higher severity fires have killed unprecedented numbers of large sequoias. Aerial view of smoke and giant sequoias killed in the Castle Fire 2021 Fire Season Impacts to Giant Sequoias The 2021 fire season included two large wildfires (both started by the same lightning storm in early September) that burned into a large number of giant sequoia groves. Given the impacts of the 2020 Castle Fire to sequoia groves, where losses were estimated at 10-14% of the entire Sierra Nevada population of sequoia trees over 4 feet in diameter, there is significant concern by sequoia managers and the public regarding the impacts of these new fires. Firefighters stand on a trail near a burning forest stand 2021 Fire Season Impacts to Giant Sequoias - Executive Summary The 2021 fire season included two large wildfires (both started by the same lightning storm in early September) that burned into a large number of giant sequoia groves. This species has a limited distribution, covering just ~28,000 acres in ~70 groves on the western slopes of the Sierra Nevada mountains. Firefighters stand on a trail near a burning forest stand. Event Recap - The Future of Conservation: Engaging the Next Generation of Public Land Leaders During National Park Week and Earth Day, the National Park Service Youth Programs Division co-hosted a virtual event on April 22, 2021 with The Corps Network (TCN) and National Park Foundation (NPF), discussing “The Future of Conservation: Engaging the Next Generation of Public Land Leaders.” A panel of young leaders shared their passion and personal involvement with the conservation movement, and the impacts and benefits service corps provide to national parks and beyond. The event promotional flyer Changing Patterns of Water Availability May Change Vegetation Composition in US National Parks Across the US, changes in water availability are altering which plants grow where. These changes are evident at a broad scale. But not all areas experience the same climate in the same way, even within the boundaries of a single national park. A new dataset gives park managers a valuable tool for understanding why vegetation has changed and how it might change in the future under different climate-change scenarios. Green, orange, and dead grey junipers in red soil, mountains in background Caro Luevanos-Garcia Caro Luévanos-Garcia leads by example and social media to encourage hiking and other outdoor recreation among Latinx communities, especially middle-aged and senior populations. Woman smiles as she stands atop granite rock, spikey mountain ridge and blue skies in background. Ranger Roll Call, 1916-1929 Recent research demonstrates that there were more women rangers and ranger-naturalists in early National Park Service (NPS) history than previously thought. However, the number of women in uniformed positions was quite low in any given year. Ranger Frieda Nelson shows of the suspenders used to hold up her uniform breeches. Staff Spotlight: George McDonald Meet George McDonald, the Chief of Youth Programs and the Experienced Services Program Division. George oversees projects and programs that involve youth and young adults working at National Park Service sites across the country, primarily focusing on individuals 15 to 30 years old, and those 35 years old or under who are military veterans. These projects generally cover natural and cultural resource conservation. Learn more about him. George McDonald smiling at Grand Canyon National Park Battle of the Bark Trees shade us from the sun, provide homes for wildlife, stabilize Earth’s surface, and produce food for humans and animals alike. Some are massive, and others are miniscule by comparison, but what makes one better than the other—we’ll let you decide! Check out our iconic trees below and find your favorite! Five thick barked red-brown trees are backlit by the sunlight. Volcanic Necks and Plugs Volcanic necks are the remnants of a volcano’s conduit and plumbing system that remain after most of the rest of the volcano has been eroded away. photo of a riverside rocky spire with mountains in the distance Ranger Roll Call, 1930-1939 Few women worked in uniformed positions in the 1930s but those who did weren't only ranger-checkers or ranger-naturalists. Jobs as guides, historians, archeologists, and in museums opened to more women. Seven women in Park Service uniforms stand in line inside a cave. Ash Mountain Wastewater Treatment Facilities to be Rehabilitated in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park through GAOA Funding Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park, with funding from the Great American Outdoors Act (GAOA), will rehabilitate and replace critical components of two deteriorated wastewater treatment facilities in the Ash Mountain area. These facilities serve 1.2 million visitors and 150 permanent and seasonal park staff each year. A light green shed sits in front of a man-made water basin with black lining. Lodgepole Campground Water System in Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Park To Be Rehabilitated Through GAOA Funding Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Park, with funding from the Great American Outdoors Act (GAOA), will rehabilitate sections of the Lodgepole Campground’s water distribution system to enhance visitor experience and provide reliable water access for firefighting. close up of sequoia tree trunks Studying the Past and Predicting the Future Using Rat Nests In the western United States, packrat middens are one of the best tools for reconstructing recent environments and climates. These accumulations of plant fragments, small vertebrate remains, rodent droppings, and other fossils can be preserved for more than 50,000 years. Packrat middens have been found in at least 41 National Park Service units. Photo of a wood rat. Series: Park Paleontology News - Vol. 14, No. 2, Fall 2022 All across the park system, scientists, rangers, and interpreters are engaged in the important work of studying, protecting, and sharing our rich fossil heritage. <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/fossils/newsletters.htm">Park Paleontology news</a> provides a close up look at the important work of caring for these irreplaceable resources. <ul><li>Contribute to Park Paleontology News by contacting the <a href="https://www.nps.gov/common/utilities/sendmail/sendemail.cfm?o=5D8CD5B898DDBB8387BA1DBBFD02A8AE4FBD489F4FF88B9049&r=/subjects/geoscientistsinparks/photo-galleries.htm">newsletter editor</a></li><li>Learn more about <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/fossils/">Fossils & Paleontology</a> </li><li>Celebrate <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/fossilday/">National Fossil Day</a> with events across the nation</li></ul> Photo of a person sitting while using a laboratory microscope. Charles Young and the Ninth Cavalry in Sequoia National Park Captain Charles Young and members of the Ninth Cavalry spent the summer of 1903 in Sequoia and General Grant national parks. Captain Young was the first African American superintendent of a national park. Young and the Ninth Cavalry accomplished more that summer than the army units that served there during the previous three summers combined. Black and White photo of a large group of men standing in three rows Taking the Pulse of U.S. National Parks How do we know if parks are healthy? We measure their vital signs, of course! Across the country, there are 32 inventory and monitoring networks that measure the status and trends of all kinds of park resources. We're learning a lot after years of collecting data. Check out these articles written for kids and reviewed by kids in partnership with the international online journal Frontiers for Young Minds. A cartoon of a ranger taking the pulse of the Earth. Series: Geologic Time—Major Divisions and NPS Fossils The National Park System contains a magnificent record of geologic time because rocks from each period of the geologic time scale are preserved in park landscapes. The geologic time scale is divided into four large periods of time—the Cenozoic Era, Mesozoic Era, Paleozoic Era, and The Precambrian. photo of desert landscape with a petrified wood log on the surface Series: Women's History in the Pacific West - California-Great Basin Collection Biographies from Northern California, Central Valley, Sierra Nevada Mountains and Nevada Map of northern California, Central Valley, Sierra Nevada Mountains and Nevada Bird Population Trends in the Sierra Nevada Network, 2011-2019 Birds occur across a wide range of habitats and their sensitivity to change makes them good indicators of ecosystem health. The Sierra Nevada Network partners with The Institute for Bird Populations to monitor breeding-bird species. Population trends between 2011 and 2019 are summarized by species and park, and in relation to mean spring temperature and amount of snow. Learn which species were increasing or declining at network parks during this period. Bird (flycatcher) perched on leafy stem of a tree. Burned Area Rehabilitation projects help save sequoias During 2020 and 2021, two major wildfires burned through twenty-eight different sequoia groves within Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (SEKI). An estimate puts up to 14,000 sequoias, or 19%, of all large sequoias on earth killed in recent wildfires. Burned Area Rehabilitation (BAR) funding, in response to the 2020 Castle Fire and 2021 KNP Complex Fire, allowed park managers to begin planning for sequoia reforestation and work beyond. A severely burned sequoia forest with little to no live vegetation on the ground. Guide to the Thomas J. Allen Photograph Collection Finding aid for the Thomas J. Allen Photographs in the NPS History Collection. Natural High Points of States in Parks We all strive to reach new heights whether taking on the physical challenge to climb to the top or armchair-exploring from the comfort of our own home through virtual experiences. Discover the highest natural points in each state that are located within the National Park System, many of which can be visited by hikers, climbers, mountaineers, and drivers who are often rewarded by breathtaking views. Find photos, virtual tours, fun facts, and more on park websites. Snow-covered mountain elevation Grant West Incident, Daniel Holmes Fatality Firefighter Daniel Holmes died on October 2, 2004 when the top of a burning snag fell, striking him on the head resulting in fatal injuries. The accident occurred on the Grant West Prescribed Burn located in the Grant Grove area of Kings Canyon National Park. Daniel was a member of the Arrowhead Interagency Hotshot Crew, based at Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Dan Holmes holding a chainsaw and leaning against a very large tree. 50 Nifty Finds #6: Something Fishy How do fish get up the mountain? By horse, of course! When is a plant not a plant? When you plant a fish! What? No, those aren’t nonsensical kids’ jokes. Photographs from the NPS Historic Photograph Collection will help explain. A string of mules being led along a trail carrying milk cans Guide to the General Milton F. Davis Papers This finding aid describes the General Milton F. Davis Papers, which is part of the National Park Service (NPS) History Collection. 50 Nifty Finds #9: Green Stamps Described by some as "the greatest propaganda campaign ever launched by the federal government to exploit the scenic wonders of the United States," the national park stamps issued by the U.S. Post Office Department in 1934 became one of the most recognized series of U.S. stamps. Despite being in the middle of the Great Depression, over one billion of the 10 national park stamps were printed in under two years. College of ten colorful national park stamps 50 Nifty Finds #12: Glamping Gear The word “glamping” was officially added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 2016. For many, it combines the love of outdoors with the comforts of home, including good food and a comfortable bed. That combination aptly describes a 1915 backcountry trip that was instrumental in gaining support for the creation of the National Park Service (NPS). As equipment improved in the 1920s, friends gave NPS Director Stephen T. Mather some of the latest glamping gear available. Folded khaki covered air mattress 50 Nifty Finds #13: The Artistry of Adult Coloring They say that coloring provides stress relief for adults as well as children. For artists at the National Park Service (NPS) Western Museum Laboratory in the 1930s, however, it wasn't easy to hand-color glass lanterns slides depicting the landscapes, people, plants, and animals of places they had never seen. Quality and accuracy were essential because the slides were used by rangers to illustrate lectures and to encourage people to visit national parks. Color image of a giant sequoia tree. The building and car at the base look tiny in comparison. Keeping Up With the Johnsons Hitch a historical ride on a 1923 national park road trip! Travel with Pete and Flo Johnson in their 1920 Buick as they travel across the country and experience the national parks of a century ago. A woman cooks on a stove in front of a 1920s car with a tent attached to the side 50 Nifty Finds #15: The Art of Politics Political cartoons have long been a way for artists and their editors to bring attention to important social issues or political corruption and to support meaningful causes. The NPS History Collection includes drawings by some of the most influential cartoonists from the 1920s to the 1950s. Their support publicized the National Park Service (NPS) while helping build political support to protect park resources from commercial interests. Cartoon of a foot labeled Putting It in Perspective: How do the 2023 high river flows compare to recent past events? Learn about six high-flow events on the Main Fork of the Kaweah River that occurred between 1997 and 2023. Atmospheric rivers and rain-on-snow events often played a role. Very dark, muddy flood waters in 2023 were a result of 2020 and 2021 wildfires leaving some slopes with little vegetation to stabilize soil and rocks. Warming temperatures and increased freezing levels are changing precipitation patterns, making more extreme events and flooding more likely in the future. Muddy water flows down a creek after storm washes mud and debris from slopes burned in a wildfire. Environmental Policy Making a Difference: The Clean Air Act and Mountain Lakes As early as the 1920s, Sierra Nevada lakes, despite their remote wilderness locations, showed increased acidification associated with industrialization. By the late 1970s, acidification began declining. A clear example of environmental policy making a difference, water quality in lakes improved in response to implementation of the Clean Air Act initiated in 1970 and further amended in subsequent years. Learn more about the research documenting this improved water quality. Scientist in a raft with sampling gear visible, ready to row to middle of lake and collect data. Assessing Nitrogen in Sierra Nevada Lakes Sierra Nevada lakes provide habitats for native animals, such as Sierra yellow-legged frogs, aquatic invertebrates, and terrestrial animals that feed on lake-dwelling organisms. Even though many of these lakes are in remote wilderness locations, air pollution can cross park boundaries and affect the lakes’ water quality. This article summarizes a study in which researchers assess nitrogen amounts and attempt to understand its effects on Sierra Nevada lakes. View of clear mountain lake reflecting blue sky, clouds, and mountains. 50 Nifty Finds #18: Portable Posters Many visitors to national parks today collect passport stamps, magnets, or other items to recall their trip and to show others where they’ve been. In the 1920s and 1930s the “must have” souvenirs weren’t created to be collected. National Park Service (NPS) windshield stickers served a practical administrative purpose; they were evidence that the automobile license fee drivers paid at some parks had been paid. Even so, Americans embraced their colorful, artistic designs. Four colorful Rocky Mountain National Park windshield stickers. Outside Science (inside parks): Oak Monitoring in Sequoia & Kings Canyon Lots of students in urban areas don't get a chance to get outdoors in nature, much less use it as a living laboratory. Our Outside Science (inside parks) crew tagged along with one group of teenagers who got to spend the day at Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks using science to better understand what's happening in the blue oak woodlands (or environment) of their local national park. student measuring tree 50 Nifty Finds #21: A Good Trip One of the first Congressional committees to conduct an inspection tour of national parks was the US House of Representatives Appropriations Committee during the summer of 1920. Given the financial needs of the fledgling National Park Service (NPS), it was a high-stakes tour. Although a few members of the press called the trip an unnecessary junket, the tour highlighted NPS needs and created Congressional support for budget increases throughout the 1920s. Hand-colored photo of a meadow and mountain 50 Nifty Finds #22: It's a Wrap! Rangers in leggings? It may not sound very practical or professional, but leggings were part of National Park Service (NPS) uniforms for decades. They weren’t the leggings we think of today though! Practical for protecting the legs, leather puttees or leggings were part of the "ranger look" from the earliest NPS uniforms. As the NPS evolved and the National Park System expanded, however, they became unfashionable and unnecessary. Brown leather puttees 50 Nifty Finds #24: Fire Away! In the 1930s the National Park Service (NPS) fire suppression policy received a boost from Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) funding. CCC enrollees built roads, fire breaks, fire trails, lookouts, and other infrastructure in national parks across the country. At the same time, another significant effort was underway to improve how quickly forest fires could be detected and suppressed. The tool used to accomplish this was a camera—a very special camera. Man in a tree with a camera on a tripod Sequoia and Kings Canyon post-fire efforts focus on restoration of sequoia groves and Pacific fisher habitat Using $2.6 million from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law (BIL) Burned Area Rehabilitation (BAR) funds, the National Park Service (NPS) has begun habitat restoration in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (SEKI) in areas outside of designated wilderness, and is in the planning stages for restoration within designated wilderness. This work is taking place in areas that burned during the 2020 SQF Complex and the 2021 KNP Complex. A person in PPE rappels down a sequoia tree. Forging the Future: Investing in Youth and Seed Collection The National Park Service's California Invasive Plant Management Team is utilizing Bipartisan Infrastructure Law funds to ensure parks have the proper seeds available to restore park ecosystems. Two botanists sit in the grass and monitor of plot of vegetation at Golden Gate. John Muir Trail Virtual Visit Stretching approximately 214 miles from Yosemite Valley to Mount Whitney, the John Muir Trail (JMT) was the first long-distance trail on the West Coast and arguably the first of its kind in the United States. The trail showcases California's superlative High Sierra scenery and required extraordinary skill and effort locate, design, and construct. Explore the trail via HDP’s StoryMaps and archival HALS documentation. John Muir, full-length portrait, facing right, seated on rock with lake and trees in background 2022 George and Helen Hartzog Awards for Outstanding Volunteer Service The National Park Service is pleased to congratulate the recipients of the 2022 George and Helen Hartzog Awards for Outstanding Volunteer Service. A montage of photos of volunteers working in a national park. Coming Full Circle: How Parks Are Using Conventional Tools in New Ways to Restore Imperiled Forests Depriving western old-growth forests of fire brought them to the brink. Now the fire they need also threatens them. To fix this, parks are returning to mechanical forestry methods. Firefighter walks next to a giant sequoia in a smoke-filled scene. Project Profile: Increase Native Seed Production for 14 California Parks The National Park Service is collaborating with a range of partners to increase regional production capacity for appropriate native plant seed to restore native coastal prairies, interior grasslands and wet meadows, habitat for threatened and endangered species, and provide capacity for post-fire recovery. a person stands in a field of tall grass Project Profile: Southern Sierra Nevada Parks Forest Resilience The National Park Service project will improve forest resilience through restoration of fire damaged forests and thinning dense stands. The project will conduct field surveys, grow and plant seedlings, and thin fuels to protect forests in Yosemite, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. giant sequoia tree Project Profile: Collect and Curate Native Seed for Fourteen California Parks The National Park Service will collect and curate seeds to support native plant materials development and subsequent restoration at 14 national park units across California. seed crew collects seeds under tree cannopy My Park Story: Julie Lindsay Julie Lindsay shares her story of first visiting NPS parks and a little bit of her journey to achieving her dream of working for the NPS. A smiling woman with short hair and glasses stands in front of a glacier. 50 Nifty Finds #36: Taking Flight If asked about a symbol or emblem for national parks today, most visitors would probably envision the National Park Service (NPS) arrowhead or a bison. Although those iconic symbols have been associated with the NPS for over 70 years, they are not the first emblems of the fledgling NPS. In fact, if you know where to look, you can see the earliest symbol is still with us today. Round silver badge with an eagle in the center FY23 Burned Area Rehabilitation – Bipartisan Infrastructure Law Funded Accomplishments for the National Park Service In FY23, there were 24 national parks throughout the country that received assistance for both Emergency stabilization as well as Burned Area Recovery funds for approximately 34 fire incidents. Both sources of funds are provided to stabilize and protect values-at-risk that are threatened by post-fire events such as flashfloods, debris flows, and erosion. A woman wearing gloves and a hard hat kneels in front of a fence; a man is in the background From Buffalo Soldier to Bath Attendant: The Story of Hugh Hayes and Hot Springs National Park Learn about the life of Hugh Hayes, an African American man from Tennessee, and how his life as a Buffalo Soldier and bath attendant at Hot Springs National Park connected him to significant moments in American history. African American man wearing a white shirt and tie sits in a wooden chair Water Year 2023: Review of a historic year in California and Nevada Water Year 2023 was truly historic across California and Nevada. Two periods of extreme winter precipitation and a rare landfalling tropical storm broke numerous records, ended three years of persistent drought, and revived long-dry Tulare Lake in California. Temperatures through much of the year were below climatological normal. Seven months posted above average and often top-10 historical statewide precipitation totals for both states. Explore this story map to learn more! View of river from a raft traveling downstream. Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and Inflation Reduction Act support range-wide efforts to rescue disease-addled whitebark pine forests In 2023, Bipartisan Infrastructure Law and Inflation Reduction Act funds enabled whitebark pine recovery work at 10 national parks. In addition to identifying disease resistant trees and cultivating rust-resistant seedlings, increased staffing and expanded partnerships will also allow parks to collect and store seed during years when the pines produce massive amounts of seed during "mast" events. a whitebark pine tree on a hillside 50 Nifty Finds #40: Helping Hands Although they don’t wear the National Park Service (NPS) standard uniform, volunteers are a vital part of NPS operations. Volunteer uniforms and insignia have changed over time, but each has represented the dedication of those who freely give their time and talents for the benefit of national parks and the American people. Gold and Green volunteer vests My Park Story: Todd Grabow Read about Todd's path to landing a job at a park that holds a special place in his heart! A smiling man stands next to a red helicopter in front of a mountain range at sunset. Long-Distance Hikers Navigate the Hazards of a Changing Climate For those who hike America’s thousand plus-mile national trails end-to-end, the benefits transcend the risks. But the effects of a warming world challenge even the most intrepid. A smiling, bearded man with a backpack and binoculars in front of a lake ringed with evergreen trees White-lined Sphinx Moths Benefit from Abundant Wildflowers The series of storms that pummeled California from January through March 2023 brought record precipitation, river flows, and snowpack to many parts of the state, including the Sierra Nevada. By spring, wildflower blooms splashed across deserts and valleys, and by late summer, higher elevations. Accompanying some of these blooms was an abundance of white-lined sphinx moths, behaving like hummingbirds as they fed on wildflower nectar. Learn more about this "irruption" of moths. Large brown moth with white-lined patterns on its wings clings to a granite rock.
Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Winter 220 Win 0233-22024 Triip P Tr Pllanner Park Maps Available on Pages 4-5 Road Conditions: (559) 565-3341, (Press 1, Then 1) Welcome to the Land of Giants Rising from 1,300 feet (396 m) to 14,494 feet (4,418 m), the highest elevation in the lower 48 states, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks protect a spectacular elevational range. Dramatic shifts from warm foothills to cool forests to the cold High Sierra can be found here. The extremely varied conditions in the parks make it home to a wide diversity of plants and animals. The parks encompass steep roads, trails that climb mountains, and cold rivers that plunge down from epic heights. This is not one, but two national parks— Sequoia and Kings Canyon—managed by the National Park Service as one unit. Current Conditions Look for evidence of past fires and storms. The 2021 KNP Complex Fire burned along much of the Generals Highway. Last winter’s record-breaking precipitation fell on burned slopes that had been cleared of vegetation. The resulting mudslides caused significant damage to park highways and roads. www.nps.gov/seki/planyourvisit/conditions.htm Important Information Free Public Wi-Fi Foothills Visitor Center Kings Canyon Visitor Center Crews are working on repairs. Road construction is likely to cause driving delays through the winter. In addition, many roads are regularly closed for the winter season. Please have patience as the parks work to safely maintain roads and continue recovery from past damage. EMERGENCY — DIAL 911 Emergency calls can be made on any cellular network, even if you do not have service for regular calls. Gasoline and Charging Stations There is no gas or charging station available in the parks. Gas may be available in Sequoia National Forest. Call ahead of time to check: Hume Lake (559) 305-7770 Find a Visitor Center Visitor Center Park Area Through January 1 January 2–March 29 Foothills Visitor Center Foothills 9 am to 4:30 pm 9 am to 4:30 pm Giant Forest Museum Giant Forest 9 am to 4:30 pm 9:30 am to 4:30 pm Kings Canyon Visitor Center Grant Grove 9 am to 4:30 pm 10 am to 4 pm Road Closures (subject to change) • Moro Rock/Crescent Meadow Road closes when snow accumulates • Generals Highway between the parks, early January to mid-March • Panoramic Point Road • Highway 180 into Cedar Grove • Mineral King Road • Crystal Cave Road Getting Around the Parks Vehicle Emergencies and Towing The parks do not tow or repair vehicles. If you are blocking traffic, call 911 or contact the emergency communications center at (559) 565-3341, ext. 9. Drive Distances and Times Foothills Visitor Center Foothills Visitor Center Grant Grove Village General Sherman Tree Giant Forest Museum 87 mi (139 km)* 18 mi (28 km) 70 minutes 16 mi (25 km) 60 minutes 120 mi (194 km)* 3 hours 10 min 118 mi (189 km)* 3 hours 2 hours Grant Grove Village 87 mi (139 km)* General Sherman Tree 18 mi (28 km) 70 minutes 120 mi (194 km)* 3 hours 10 min Giant Forest Museum 16 mi (25 km) 60 minutes 118 mi (189 km)* 3 hours 2 hours 2 mi (3.5 km) 10 minutes 2 mi (3.5 km) 10 minutes When chain requirements are in effect due to snow or ice (see page 8), speed limits are reduced to 25 mph. Travel times can be much longer than noted in the chart. * Via Routes 180, 63, 216 and 198 when Generals Highway is closed between the parks. Vehicle Length Restrictions and Recommendations Road Length Limit Generals Highway: Foothills Visitor Center to Potwisha Campground 24 feet1 7.3 m Generals Highway: Potwisha Campground to Giant Forest 22 feet1 6.7 m Moro Rock / Crescent Meadow Road 22 feet2 6.7 m Recommendation, 2Restriction (longer vehicles not allowed) 1 Table of Contents Visitor Center Hours 1 Drive Times 1 Vehicle Length Restrictions Services and Facilities 2 1 Campgrounds 2 Experience Wilderness 3 Sequoia National Forest 3 Maps 4–5 Ranger Recommendations 4–5 Safety and Regulations 6 Accessibility in the Parks 6 Información en Español 7 Information in this newspaper can change at any time. Parking in Giant Forest 8 Winter Driving 8 Holiday Shuttle 8 Sequoia Parks Conservancy 8 National Park Service Sequoia and Kings Canyon U.S. DepParks rtment of the Interior National National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Welcome! Ask for printed information in other languages. ¡Bienvenido! Solicite información impresa en español. Bienvenue! Demandez des informations imprimées en français. Wilkommen! Fordern Sie gedruckte Informationen in deutscher Sprache an. Services and Facilities Benvenuti! Richiedi informazioni stampate in italiano. Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (559) 565-3341 Mailing Address Sequoia and Kings Canyon NPs 47050 Generals Highway Three Rivers, CA 93271 Sequoia National Park Kings Canyon National Park Foothills Lodgepole Village Grant Grove Village Foothills Visitor Center •
Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Fall 2023 Trip Planner Planner Park Maps Available on Pages 4-5 Welcome to the Land of Giants Rising from 1,300 feet (396 m) to 14,494 feet (4,418 m), the highest elevation in the lower 48 states, Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks protect a spectacular elevational range. Dramatic shifts from warm foothills to cool forests to the cold High Sierra can be found here. Diverse plants and animals living in extremely varied conditions call the parks home. The parks encompass steep roads, trails that climb mountains, and cold rivers that plunge down from epic heights. This is not one, but two national parks—Sequoia and Kings Canyon— managed by the National Park Service as one unit. Current Conditions Look for evidence of past fires and storms. The 2021 KNP Complex Fire burned along much of the Generals Highway. Last winter’s record-breaking precipitation fell on burned slopes that had been cleared of vegetation. The resulting mudslides caused significant damage to park highways and roads. www.nps.gov/seki/planyourvisit/conditions.htm Important Information Free Public Wi-Fi Foothills Visitor Center Kings Canyon Visitor Center Crews are working on repairs. Road construction is likely to cause driving delays into the fall. Roads leading to Cedar Grove and Mineral King will remain closed for general traffic until 2024. Please have patience as the parks work to safely restore access to the parks. EMERGENCY — DIAL 911 Emergency calls can be made on any cellular network, even if you do not have service for regular calls. Road Conditions (559) 565-3341, (press 1, then 1) Find a Visitor Center Gasoline Visitor Center Park Area September 5 to October 9 October 10 to January 1 Foothills Visitor Center Foothills 8 am to 5 pm 9 am to 4:30 pm Giant Forest Museum Giant Forest 9 am to 5 pm 9 am to 4:30 pm Lodgepole Visitor Center Lodgepole 8 am to 5 pm CLOSED Kings Canyon Visitor Center Grant Grove 8 am to 5 pm 9 am to 4:30 pm Gas may be available in the Sequoia National Forest. • Hume Lake (559) 305-7770 • Stony Creek Village (559) 565-3909 Road Closures (subject to change) • Highway 180 into Cedar Grove • Mineral King Road • Moro Rock/Crescent Meadow Road closes when snow accumulates • Crystal Cave Road Getting Around the Parks Emergency Car Repairs The parks do not tow or repair vehicles. If you are blocking traffic, call 911 or contact the emergency communications center at (559) 565-3341, ext. 9. Drive Distances and Times Grant Grove Village Grant Grove Village Lodgepole Visitor Center General Sherman Tree Giant Forest Museum 26 mi (42 km) 50 minutes 29 mi (47 km) 60 minutes 31 mi (49 km) 65 minutes 3 mi (5 km) 10 minutes 5 mi (7 km) 15 minutes Lodgepole Visitor Center 26 mi (42 km) 50 minutes General Sherman Tree 29 mi (47 km) 60 minutes 3 mi (5 km) 10 minutes Giant Forest Museum 31 mi (49 km) 65 minutes 5 mi (7 km) 15 minutes 4 mi (6 km) 15 minutes Foothills Visitor Center Vehicle Length Restrictions and Recommendations 46 mi (74 km) Allow for 170 minutes due to construction 20 mi (32 km) Allow for 100 minutes due to construction 20 mi (32 km) Allow for 100 minutes due to construction 16 mi (26 km) Allow for 90 minutes due to 4 mi (6 km) 15 minutes construction Road Length Limit Generals Highway: Foothills Visitor Center to Potwisha Campground 24 feet1 7.3 m Generals Highway: Potwisha Campground to Giant Forest 22 feet1 6.7 m Moro Rock / Crescent Meadow Road 22 feet2 6.7 m Recommendation, 2Restriction (longer vehicles not allowed) 1 Table of Contents Visitor Center Hours 1 Drive Times 1 Vehicle Length Restrictions 1 Facilities and Services 2 Campgrounds 2 Explore Wilderness 3 Sequoia National Forest Maps 4 and 5 3 Ranger Recommendations 4 and 5 Safety and Regulations 6 Accessibility in the Parks 6 Información en Español 7 Information in this newspaper can change at any time. Parking in Giant Forest 8 Driving in Snowy Conditions 8 Holiday Shuttle 8 Sequoia Parks Conservancy 8 National Park Service Sequoia and Kings Canyon U.S. Department of the Interior National Parks National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Welcome! Ask for printed information in other languages. ¡Bienvenido! Solicite información impresa en español. Bienvenue! Demandez des informations imprimées en français. Wilkommen! Fordern Sie gedruckte Informationen in deutscher Sprache an. Services and Facilities Benvenuti! Richiedi informazioni stampate in italiano. Sequoia National Park Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (559) 565-3341 Mailing Address Sequoia and Kings Canyon NPs 47050 Generals Highway Three Rivers, CA 93271 NPS / BRITTANY BURNETT Kings Canyon National Park Foothills Lodgepole Village Grant Grove Village Foothills Visitor Center • Park Store (SPC) • Free public Wi-Fi • Picnic area nearby Lodgepole Visitor Center CLOSED after October 9 • Park
Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Summer 2023 Trip Planner ANGIE OLSEN Information in this newspaper can change at any time as we work to safely increase access to the parks. Welcome to the Land of Giants Rising from 1,300 feet (396 m) to 14,494 feet (4,418 m), the highest elevation in the lower 48 states, these parks protect a spectacular elevational range. Within our boundaries are dramatic shifts from warm foothills to cool forests to the cold High Sierra. Diverse plants and animals living in extremely varied conditions call the parks home. The parks encompass steep roads, trails that climb mountains, and cold rivers that plunge down from epic heights. This is not one, but two national parks—Sequoia and Kings Canyon— managed by the National Park Service as one unit. As you travel, look for evidence of past fires and storms. The 2021 KNP Complex Fire burned along much of the Generals Highway. Last winter’s record-breaking precipitation fell on burned slopes that had been cleared of vegetation. The resulting mudslides caused significant damage to park highways and roads. Crews are working on repairs. Road construction is likely to cause driving delays throughout the summer, and highways leading to Cedar Grove and Mineral King may remain closed all summer. Please have patience as we work to safely restore access to the parks. Park Area May 27 to September 4 September 5 to October 9 Foothills Visitor Center Foothills 8 am to 5 pm 8 am to 5 pm Giant Forest Museum Giant Forest 9 am to 6 pm 9 am to 5 pm Lodgepole Visitor Center Lodgepole 8 am to 5 pm Tentative July Opening 8 am to 5 pm Kings Canyon Visitor Center Grant Grove 8 am to 5 pm 8 am to 5 pm 26 mi/42 km 50 minutes General Sherman Tree 29 mi/47 km 60 minutes Giant Forest Museum 31 mi/49 km 65 minutes EMERGENCY — DIAL 911 Emergency calls can be made on any cellular network, even if you do not have service for regular calls. Road Conditions (559) 565-3341, (press 1, then 1) Gas may be available in the Sequoia National Forest. • Hume Lake (559) 305-7770 • Stony Creek Village (559) 565-3909 Road Closures • Generals Highway from Hospital Rock to Giant Forest (tentative July opening) • Highway 180 into Cedar Grove • Mineral King Road • Moro Rock/Crescent Meadow Road (closed weekends & holidays) • Crystal Cave Road Emergency Car Repairs Drive Times and Distances (Miles/Kilometers) Lodgepole Visitor Center Free Public Wi-Fi Foothills Visitor Center Kings Canyon Visitor Center Gasoline Find a Visitor Center Grant Grove Village Important Information Road Rules Getting Around the Parks Grant Grove Village Current Conditions The parks do not tow or repair vehicles. If you are blocking traffic, call 911 or contact the emergency communications center at (559) 565-3341, ext. 9. Lodgepole Visitor Center General Sherman Tree Giant Forest Museum Foothills Visitor Center 26 mi/42 km 50 minutes 29 mi/47 km 60 minutes 31 mi/49 km 65 minutes 46 mi/74 km 170 minutes due to construction Tentative July Road Opening 3 mi/5 km 10 minutes 5 mi/7 km 15 minutes 20 mi/32 km 120 minutes due to construction Tentative July Road Opening Vehicle Length Restrictions Start Finish Length 4 mi/6 km 15 minutes 20 mi/ 32 km 120 minutes due to construction Tentative July Road Opening Foothills Visitor Center Potwisha Campground 24 feet 7.3 m Potwisha Campground Giant Forest 22 feet 6.7 m Giant Forest Grant Grove No limits 3 mi/5 km 10 minutes 5 mi/7 km 15 minutes 4 mi/6 km 15 minutes 16 mi/26 km 105 minutes due to construction Tentative July Road Opening Table of Contents Welcome 1 Visitor Center Hours 1 Drive Times 1 Road Rules 1 Facilities and Services 2 Campgrounds 2 Explore Wilderness 3 Sequoia National Forest 3 Ranger Recommendations 4 and 5 Safety and Regulations 6 Accessibility in the Parks 6 Download an App 6 Spanish Information 7 Park Areas and Driving Map 8 Free Sequoia Shuttle 8 Sequoia Parks Conservancy 8 Sequoia andPark Kings Canyon National Service National Parks U.S. Department of the Interior National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Welcome! Ask for printed information in other languages. ¡Bienvenido! Solicite información impresa en español. Bienvenue! Demandez des informations imprimées en français. Wilkommen! Fordern Sie gedruckte Informationen in deutscher Sprache an. Benvenuti! Richiedi informazioni stampate in italiano. Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks (559) 565-3341 Mailing Address Sequoia and Kings Canyon NPs 47050 Generals Highway Three Rivers, CA 93271 NPS / BRITTANY BURNETT Services and Facilities Sequoia Kings Canyon Foothills Lodgepole Village Grant Grove Village Foothills Visitor Center • Park Store (SPC) • Free public Wi-Fi • Picnic area nearby Lodgepole Visitor Center Tentative Opening in July • Park Store (SPC) • Shuttle stop Kings Canyon Visitor Center • Park Store (SPC) • Free public Wi-Fi •
Protect Yourself and These Parks Tree Hazards Hypothermia Branches and trees may fall, whether dead or alive, and when there is no wind. Keep eyes and ears open. Run if you hear cracks or snapping from roots, trunks, or branches. Don’t linger under dead, cracked, or broken hanging branches or trees with rotten bases. Hypothermia can occur year-round. Stay warm and eat snacks. Symptoms include shivering, exhaustion, confusion, memory loss, slurred speech, and fumbling hands. If symptoms appear, drink warm sugary drinks and get into dry clothes, sleeping bags, or shelter. Poison Oak Ticks Ticks are common in grassy, brushy lowelevation areas like the foothills. They can carry diseases that harm humans. They have a painless bite. Check yourself for ticks after hiking. Remove them carefully with tweezers and seek a doctor’s advice. Rattlesnakes This shrub grows in the foothills, and can cause an itchy rash if you touch it. Poison oak has leaflets in groups of three. The plant is bare in winter, and has shiny green leaves in spring. If you touch it, wash skin and clothes with soap and warm water right away. Rattlesnakes are common in low elevation areas like the foothills. Watch where you put your hands and feet! Do not harass or kill them; this is when most bites occur. Bites are rarely lethal, but tissue damage can be severe. If bitten, don’t panic and call 911. Firearms It is illegal to discharge a firearm within Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks or to bring one into any federal building. Hunting and trapping are illegal in the parks. Pets Marijuana Possession or use of marijuana and other controlled substances inside the national parks is prohibited. While California law provides for limited possession and use of marijuana, it remains an illegal drug under federal law, which is enforced within the park. Snowplay Safety Pets are not permitted on any trails in the parks. Pets in designated areas must be kept on a maximum 6 feet (1.8 m) long leash at all times. Pick up all pet waste and dispose of properly. Do not leave pets unattended or in vehicles where they can easily overheat. When sledding: • Slide feet first. • Consider wearing a helmet. • Make sure the path is clear — don’t slide near rocks, trees, branches, or people. • After sliding, look uphill. Move out of the way of people coming downhill next. • Avoid hard-packed snow or ice, where speed and direction get out of control. Drones Uncrewed aircraft are not allowed in the parks. This includes drones and other remotely piloted vehicles. Wildlife and Food Storage You’re in Bear Country. Bears will grab unattended food and break into cars where food is visible. Bears have a keen sense of smell and are attracted to human food as well as hand sanitizer, cosmetics, toiletries, trash, cleaning supplies, and child safety seats. Bears that have had human food can become aggressive and dangerous and have to be killed. A fed bear is a dead bear. Food storage is the key to protecting humans and bears. Food Storage Boxes are provided for you to properly store food and odorous items, when not in use. Store all food, coolers, and anything with an odor, including child safety seats and flavored drinks. If no food storage box is available, food items must be stored inside your car trunk or low in the vehicle, out of sight, and keep windows closed. Always keep a clean campsite and throw away all trash in dumpsters. While picnicking, never move away from coolers and tables when food is out. Stay within arm’s length of food. Wildlife Viewing Safety Never disrupt, approach, or disturb animals from behaving normally. Keep a minimum distance of 25 yards (two bus lengths) from most wildlife and 100 yards (91 m) from predators like bears or mountain lions. Don’t let wildlife, especially bears, approach you, your food, picnic area, or campsite. Wave your arms and make loud noises. 25 yards (23 m) 50 yards (46 m) 100 yards (91 m) 25 yards (23 m) is about two bus-lengths National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks California Driving Routes to Sequoias in Grant Grove: CLOSURE Sequoia National Park Entrance to Kings Canyon National Park Entrance 180 General Grant Tree There is no access to sequoias in Sequoia National Park at this time. Highway 245 and Dry Creek Road do not currently have through access 180 to Highway 180. Big Stump Entrance 180 Orange Cove 0 KINGS CANYON NP Stony Creek Village KINGS CANYON NP (closed in winter) Generals Hwy Ave. 460/Park Blvd Lodgepole Village 5 Kilometers 1 6720 ft 5 Miles Dinuba Blvd./Rd. 128 0 1 CLOSURE 6589 ft Hills Valley Rd. North To Cedar Grove (Closed Seasonally) (formerly Squaw Valley) 63 To Fresno and Hwy 99 S E Q U O I A N A T I O N A L F O R E S T/ G I A N T S E Q U O I A N A T I O N A L M O N U M E N T Grant Grove Yokuts Valley 180 Hume Lake Main roads Orosi Cutler Secondary roads Closed roads S E Q U O I A N
Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Trip Planner Late Winter 2023 Photo by NPS/Alison Taggart-Barone Roads in the parks may close at any time due to storms, snow, debris fows, or other conditions. Giant Sequoias, Wildfre, and You Giant sequoias are icons of resilience. They are well-adapted to survive thousands of years in a landscape visited by fre, drought, and beetle attacks, but human-caused climate change and past management practices are putting trees at risk from all three. Although these parks have one of the oldest prescribed burning programs in the national parks, after over a century of fre suppression across the landscape many groves have become choked with dead wood and small trees, creating dangerous fre conditions. Climate change is causing rising temperatures, earlier snowmelt, and drier conditions, leading to higher-severity fre and fre seasons that are substantially longer and more extreme than even 20 years ago. The 2020 Castle Fire and 2021 KNP Complex Fire burned so intensely that thousands of large sequoias were killed. In 2022 there were no major fres in the parks, but extreme drought conditions continue. Expect Delays Along the Generals Highway Most wildfre-killed sequoias die from high heat and crown-burning fames. However, some trees that survive fres have died a few years later while still standing. Researchers found branches riddled with tunnels made by tiny, native cedar bark beetles which had not previously been known to kill sequoias. Drought conditions and hotter temperatures over most of the past decade have meant there is less water for trees. Additionally, damage from severe fres may reduce water fow to the tree’s crown. In those conditions, beetle tunneling could turn from harmless to fatal for a weakened tree. Park managers fear that despite sequoias’ incredible toughness, without action, more of the magnifcent giants may die in alarming numbers. More prescribed fre and other approaches to reduce unnatural accumulations of fre fuel can help restore groves to healthier conditions, though further research may provide other helpful management tools. But perhaps the most powerful defenders of sequoias are those who come to the parks and learn, teach others, and take steps toward a world where today’s sequoias stand for hundreds or thousands of years more. Mature sequoias can usually survive low or medium severity fres, but modern high severity fres can be deadly. © Kirke Wrench After severe January storms, we've been working to restore access to the Giant Forest. One-lane access has been established on portions of the Generals Highway while we monitor the road. Please use extreme caution as you drive in areas where new road signs, barriers, and traffc lights have been installed. At the traffc light, expect delays of at least fve to ten minutes. Delays could increase depending on traffc. Two-lane traffc in this area is not expected until late spring or summer. General Information ........... 2 Wildlife Safety ........................5 Grant Grove ...........................8 Información en español ..... 10-11 Camping............................... 3 Foothills ..................................6 Wilderness Trips .....................9 Información de seguridad ...... 10 Safety ................................... 4 Giant Forest ...........................7 National Forest Lands ............9 Winter Roads & Driving .......... 12 2 General Information Contacts Frequently Asked Questions Accessibility Cell Service and WiFi Pets Cell service is extremely limited here, and can be available for some networks near entrance stations. WiFi connectivity is sparse in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks. Public WiFi is available at Foothills and Kings Canyon visitor centers. Pets are not permitted on any trails in Sequoia and Kings Canyon. Pets must be kept on a leash at all times, or appropriately crated or caged. Pets cannot be left tied and unattended at any time. The leash must be no longer than 6 feet (1.8 meters) long. These parks are committed to a continuing effort to improve the accessibility of our trails and facilities so they can be enjoyed by all. Questions or suggestions about accessibility can be emailed to SEKI_Information@nps.gov or call us at (559) 565-3341. EMERGENCY — DIAL 911 In an emergency, contact a ranger at any visitor center or museum, or call 911. Sequoia & Kings Canyon (NPS) (559) 565-3341 (24 hours): Recorded information is available for road conditions, weather, current fres, camping, lodging, wilderness, and more. Drones Uncrewed aircraft are not allowed in these parks. This includes drones and other remotely piloted vehicles. Marijuana Possession or use of marijuana and other controlled substances inside the national parks is prohibited. While California law provides for limited possession and use of marijuana, it remains an illegal drug under federal law, which
Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Parks National Park Service U.S. Department of the Interior Trip Planner Fall 2019 Sequoia National Forest/Giant Sequoia National Monument Sequoia Parks Conservancy Our Changing Parks As you travel through the parks, you may notice standing dead trees, or recently cut tree stumps and logs. Many trees of difering species and sizes died during our recent drought. While droughts are a natural part of our climate, the recent drought was made worse by rising temperatures due in part to greenhouse gas emissions. Giant sequoias were also afected and sufered from unprecedented beetle attacks. We are working with USGS and other researchers to learn more about beetle infestations and other threats. Other, less noticeable changes are also occurring. For example, over 200 species of California birds now nest earlier each spring. Research suggests that these species are avoiding warming temperatures, which disrupts their natural (established) nesting patterns. These changes, both seen and unseen, surprise us, and make us In This Issue General Information............ 2 uneasy about what the future holds for our national parks. on sensitive species like sequoias and bighorn sheep. Recent studies suggest that our most treasured places, national parks, are also among the most vulnerable to warming temperatures. Because national parks protect large mountain ranges, expansive deserts, and other sensitive natural habitats, future temperature and rainfall changes in parks will have a greater impact than in other parts of the United States. Given the elevated risks to our parks, we are working with researchers to study possible impacts of climate change We are already seeing the efects of climate change in Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks and it concerns us. But it is not too late for each of us to make a positive diference. What are ways you can think of to reduce greenhouse gas emissions during your visit here, and when you return back home? Show your passion for these parks by joining us in the movement to protect them so that giant sequoias will be here for generations to come. FAQ ...................................... 2 Activities .............................. 3 Camping .......................... 4–5 Bear safety ........................... 5 Food Storage ....................... 5 Foothills................................ 6 Mineral King ........................ 6 Giant Forest & Lodgepole ... 7 Grant Grove ......................... 8 Cedar Grove ......................... 8 Wilderness Trips................... 9 U.S. Forest Service................ 9 Nature & Ecosystems ......... 11 Fire ..................................... 11 Getting Around ................. 12 Shuttles ................................ 7 Researchers monitor the response of mature giant sequoias to severe drought by measuring water content in the needles at the top of the tree. Photo © Wendy Baxter. Vehicle Length Limits ........ 12 2 General Information Contacts Frequently Asked Questions Accessibility Cell Service Pets Assistive Equipment & Technologies Cell service is extremely limited here, and mainly is available for some networks near entrance stations. Pets are not permitted on any trails in Sequoia and Kings Canyon. Pets must be kept on a leash at all times, or appropriately crated or caged. Pets cannot be left tied and unattended at any time. The leash must be less than 6 feet (1.8 meters) long. We are committed to a continuing effort to improve the accessibility of our trails and facilities so they can be enjoyed by all. If you have questions or suggestions about accessibility, please email us at SEKI_Information@nps.gov or call us at (559) 565-3341. EMERGENCY — DIAL 911 No coins are needed in payphones for 911 calls. Sequoia & Kings Canyon (NPS) 559-565-3341 (24 hour): Recorded information is available for road conditions, weather, current fires, camping, lodging, wilderness, and more. Drones Unmanned aircraft are not allowed in these parks. This includes drones and other remotely piloted vehicles. Marijuana GPS GPS programs often misdirect travellers here. Use maps and signs, or ask for directions. Web & Social Media www.nps.gov/seki @SequoiaKingsNPS @SequoiaKingsNPS @SequoiaKingsNPS Sequoia National Forest/Monument (USFS) 559-338-2251, fs.usda.gov/sequoia Yosemite National Park (NPS) 209-372-0200, nps.gov/yose Possession or use of marijuana and other controlled substances inside the national parks is prohibited. While California law provides for limited possession and use of marijuana, it remains an illegal drug under federal law, which is enforced within the parks. Firearms in these National Parks People who can legally possess firearms under federal, California, and local laws may possess firearms here. You are responsible for understanding and complying with all applicable California, local, and federal firearms laws. Discharge of firearms in the parks is prohibited. Dr

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