"Full view of Mount Rushmore" by NPS Photo , public domain
National Memorial - South Dakota
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is centered on a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum created the sculpture's design and oversaw the project's execution from 1927 to 1941 with the help of his son Lincoln Borglum. The sculpture features the 60-foot (18 m) heads of Presidents George Washington (1732–1799), Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919), and Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865).
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https://www.nps.gov/moru/index.htm https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Rushmore Mount Rushmore National Memorial is centered on a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota. Sculptor Gutzon Borglum created the sculpture's design and oversaw the project's execution from 1927 to 1941 with the help of his son Lincoln Borglum. The sculpture features the 60-foot (18 m) heads of Presidents George Washington (1732–1799), Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919), and Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865). Majestic figures of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln, surrounded by the beauty of the Black Hills of South Dakota, tell the story of the birth, growth, development and preservation of this country. From the history of the first inhabitants to the diversity of America today, Mount Rushmore brings visitors face to face with the rich heritage we all share. Visitors traveling by car from the East use Exit 61 off I-90 follow signs. Coming from the West use exit 57 exit at Rapid City and follow U.S. Highway 16 southwest to Keystone and then Highway 244 to Mount Rushmore. Visitors coming from the south should follow Highway 385 north to Highway 244, which is the road leading to the memorial. Information Center Find basic information about the memorial as well as information about the local area. Opens at 8:00 am daily (closed December 25th). Closes at 6:00 pm October 1 through November 5, 5:00 pm November 6 through late May, 10:00 pm June through mid-August, and 9:00 pm mid-August through September 30. From the parking structure, walk towards the mountain sculpture. The Information Center is the first building on your right after you pass through the first set of columns, directly across from the main restrooms. Lincoln Borglum Visitor Center Park information, film, museum exhibits and a bookstore. Opens at 8:00 am daily (closed December 25th). Closes at 6:00 pm October 1 through November 5, 5:00 pm November 6 through late May, 10:00 pm June through mid-August, and 9:00 pm mid-August through September 30. From the parking structure walk towards the mountain sculpture until you reach the Grand View Terrace. The Visitor Center is below the terrace. Stairs or elevators to the left or right will take you down to the Visitor Center. Stairs are often closed during the winter due to snow. Mount Rushmore Summer Sky Photo of Mount Rushmore under a bright blue sky with puffy clouds floating over. Photo of Mount Rushmore under a bright blue sky with puffy clouds floating over. Mount Rushmore and the Avenue of Flags Visitors walking along the Avenue of Flags with Mount Rushmore in the background. Visitors walking along the Avenue of Flags with Mount Rushmore in the background. Mount Rushmore Through the Trees Mount Rushmore viewed from a distance through ponderosa pine trees. Mount Rushmore viewed from a distance through ponderosa pine trees. Closeup of Mount Rushmore Closeup photo of Mount Rushmore under a bright blue sky. Closeup photo of Mount Rushmore under a bright blue sky. Mount Rushmore With Talus Slope Mount Rushmore above the talus slope, where rock removed from the mountain fell. Mount Rushmore above the talus slope, where rock removed from the mountain fell. Mount Rushmore At Night Mount Rushmore illuminated under a darkening evening sky. Mount Rushmore illuminated under a darkening evening sky. 2019 Connecting with our Homelands Awardees Hopa Mountain, in partnership with the National Park Service, is pleased to announce the 2019 awardees of the Connecting with our Homelands travel grants. Twenty-one Indigenous organizations, schools, and nonprofits have been awarded travel funds for trips to national park units across 12 states/territories within the United States. An elder and young student talk while sitting on a rock. Why These Four Presidents? Learn more about the four presidents sculpted on Mount Rushmore and why sculptor Gutzon Borglum chose them. Mount Rushmore with ponderosa pine trees in the foreground under a bright blue sky. Plant Community Monitoring at Mount Rushmore National Memorial Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a relatively small park that contains the second-largest area of old growth ponderosa pine forest in the Black Hills. There is a lower diversity of plants under the closed-canopy of pines, but these stands of old growth forest are in pristine condition. We monitor plant communities to improve understanding of the effects that external drivers and management actions have on plants in these unique ponderosa pine forest ecosystems. heart shapped leaves with ragged edges in autumn colors of reds and yellows PARKS...IN...SPAAAACE!!! NASA astronauts have quite literally an out-of-this-world view of national parks and take some pretty stellar pictures to share. Travel along with the space station on its journey west to east getting the extreme bird’s eye view of national parks across the country. And one more down-to-earth. View of Denali National Park & Preserve from space Bat Acoustic Monitoring at Mount Rushmore National Memorial Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a 1,278-acre park in the center of the Black Hills in South Dakota. The granite outcroppings and old growth ponderosa pine forest at the park provide good bat roosting habitat. The Northern Great Plains Inventory and Monitoring Network monitors bats to detect long-term trends in bat populations at this park. Silver-haired bat roosting on a tree trunk Bat Projects in Parks: Northern Great Plains Inventory and Monitoring Across six Northern Great Plains parks, education and outreach for bats was conducted. View of Badlands National Parks unique rock formations in the distance Wildland Fire: Reducing Crown Fire Potential and Mountain Pine Beetle Infestation In February 2010, staff at Mount Rushmore NM worked with Midwest Regional Office staff to prepare a plan to mitigate the impacts of potential mountain pine beetle infestation and to reduce crown fire potential. Ponderosa pine < 7-10 inches in diameter were thinned and piled for burning, or thinned and chipped. The treatments should make the forest more resilient and resistant to infestation, and expand opportunities for prescribed burns at the memorial. Using Lake Superior parks to explain the Midcontinent Rift Explaining the spectacular scenery around Lake Superior resulting from the 1.1 billion–year–old Midcontinent Rift System gives park interpreters an opportunity to discuss some of the most important processes that shape our planet and influenced the region’s settlement and growth. Kayakers paddle past sandstone rocks at Apostle Islands National Lakeshore (Seth Stein) The Bull Moose in Winter: Theodore Roosevelt and World War I Roosevelt believed America should prepare for war. President Wilson wanted to keep America out of it. Theodore Roosevelt, seated NPS Geodiversity Atlas—Mount Rushmore National Memorial, South Dakota Each park-specific page in the NPS Geodiversity Atlas provides basic information on the significant geologic features and processes occurring in the park. Links to products from Baseline Geologic and Soil Resources Inventories provide access to maps and reports. [Site Under Development] sculpture of presidents 2003 NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Recipients of the 2003 Environmental Achievement Awards Mount Rushmore Virtual Junior Ranger Activities Become a Virtual Junior Ranger by completing six Mount Rushmore related activities. Photo of Mount Rushmore under a clear blue sky with ponderosa pine branches in the foreground. Wildland Fire in Ponderosa Pine: Western United States This forest community generally exists in areas with annual rainfall of 25 inches or less. Extensive pure stands of this forest type are found in the southwestern U.S., central Washington and Oregon, southern Idaho and the Black Hills of South Dakota. Recently burned ponderosa pine forest. JROTC Students Visit Minuteman Missile National Historic Site In 2019, the National Park Service’s Washington, DC Office of Interpretation, Education and Volunteers (WASO IEV) and Kutztown University piloted a new program that brings Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps (JROTC) high school students and university students (majoring in history or education) to military themed park units for place-based learning experiences. In April, one of these programs was hosted at Minuteman Missile National Historic Site. A park ranger and students stand around an armored vehicle. Series: National Park Service Geodiversity Atlas The servicewide Geodiversity Atlas provides information on <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geoheritage-conservation.htm">geoheritage</a> and <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/geodiversity.htm">geodiversity</a> resources and values all across the National Park System to support science-based management and education. The <a href="https://www.nps.gov/orgs/1088/index.htm">NPS Geologic Resources Division</a> and many parks work with National and International <a href="https://www.nps.gov/subjects/geology/park-geology.htm">geoconservation</a> communities to ensure that NPS abiotic resources are managed using the highest standards and best practices available. park scene mountains Series: NPS Environmental Achievement Awards Since 2002, the National Park Service (NPS) has awarded Environmental Achievement (EA) Awards to recognize staff and partners in the area of environmental preservation, protection and stewardship. A vehicle charges at an Electric Vehicle charging station at Thomas Edison National Historical Park Series: Plant Community Monitoring in Northern Great Plains Network Parks Plant communities are essential components of all major ecosystems. Plants are the ultimate source of food for other organisms and the main source of organic material in soil and water. They also influence climate and provide the scenery that park visitors enjoy. The NPS Northern Great Plains Network monitors the number, identity, and relative abundance of plant species, as well as their horizontal cover and vertical structure, to determine the health of park ecosystems. Two people sitting on the ground looking at plants Large-Scale Prescribed Fire Returns to Mount Rushmore National Memorial On April 29, 2020, as part of a decade-long project to reduce the build-up of dead fuels, reduce the potential for higher severity fire, and decrease likelihood of unwanted ignitions, Mount Rushmore National Memorial successfully completed a 251-acre prescribed fire. This portion of MORU had not seen large scale fire in over 30 years. Grasses on a slope below Mount Rushmore are consumed by small flames. Mount Rushmore National Memorial Cultural Landscape Mount Rushmore National Memorial, located in the ecologically-diverse Black Hills region of South Dakota, contains features from phases of the park's development, including the monumental sculpture displaying four presidential figures. After its construction commenced in 1927, it has been both praised for its design and criticized for its environmental impact and location in the Black Hills, an area that holds cultural and spiritual value for several Native American tribes. Historic photo of a car on a winding, unpaved road through a tree-covered landscape Changing Patterns of Water Availability May Change Vegetation Composition in US National Parks Across the US, changes in water availability are altering which plants grow where. These changes are evident at a broad scale. But not all areas experience the same climate in the same way, even within the boundaries of a single national park. A new dataset gives park managers a valuable tool for understanding why vegetation has changed and how it might change in the future under different climate-change scenarios. Green, orange, and dead grey junipers in red soil, mountains in background Things to Do in South Dakota Things to do and trip ideas in South Dakota national parks. The setting sun illuminates several sharp ridge lines under a moon. Series: Things to Do in Midwest National Parks There is something for everyone in the Midwest. See what makes the Great Plains great. Dip your toes in the continent's inland seas. Learn about Native American heritage and history. Paddle miles of scenic rivers and waterways. Explore the homes of former presidents. From the Civil War to Civil Rights, discover the stories that shape our journey as a nation. Steep bluff with pink sky above and yellow leaves below.