"Muir Woods National Monument, California" by National Park Service , public domain

Muir Woods

Muir Beach

brochure Muir Woods - Muir Beach

Brochure of Muir Beach at Golden Gate National Recreation Area (NRA) in California. Published by the National Park Service (NPS).

Muir Beach National Park Service U. S. Department of Interior Golden Gate National Recreation Area To cherish what remains of the Earth and to foster its renewal is our only legitimate hope of survival. —Wendell Berry At Muir Beach, a complex network of freshwater wetlands, lagoon, and dunes defines the meeting place of Redwood Creek and the Pacific Ocean. Here,across a broad floodplain, intertwined natural systems perform an intricate seasonal and biological dance. Redwood Creek drains an 8.9-square-mile watershed that extends from the ridgetops of Mt. Tamalpais through the old-growth forest of Muir Woods National Monument to the ocean. Largely undeveloped, the watershed functions as an essentially intact unit. Within this compact territory, a highly diverse range of habitats, many of them irreplaceable to their inhabitants, can be found. A Biodiversity Hotspot Redwood Creek watershed is part of the Golden Gate Biosphere Reserve as well as one of North America’s biodiversity “hotspots.” These ecologically critical areas represent some of the planet’s richest and most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life. The watershed is home to several of the West Coast’s most imperiled species, among them, coho salmon, steelhead trout, and the California redlegged frog. Habitat restoration has helped its redlegged frog population, but coho salmon are still in a highly precarious position. When salmon return to their native spawning grounds in upper Redwood Creek, they bring deep-ocean nutrients to the redwood forest. Without the salmon, a key piece of the age-old cycle of the redwood forest is gone and an important connection is lost. California red-legged frog Coho salmon EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA™ www.nps.gov/goga The First Stewards For more than 10,000 years, the Coast Miwok lived in roughly 600 small family communities along the shoreline. Stewards of the land, they managed the local watersheds where creek and ocean resources were most abundant, including the Muir Beach floodplain. Here, they hunted, fished, and harvested many of the native plants for food, medicine, and other traditional uses. In developing traditional ecological knowledge, landtending principles, and alignment of cultural customs with the seasons, they fostered a harmonious relationship with the natural world. In the late 1700s, European settlement forced the Coast Miwok off their land and abruptly shifted their way of life forever. Descendants of the Coast Miwok, members of what is known today as the Federated Indians of Graton Rancheria, continue to participate in research, education, cultural revitalization, and preservation of sacred sites. Portuguese Dairymen Left, Top & Bottom images: Traditional prayer led by a representative of the Coast Miwok at the annual Welcome Back Salmon ceremony at Muir Beach. Beginning in the mid-19th century, much of the watershed’s land was leased to Portuguese dairymen, who had emigrated from the Azores on whaling ships. By the 1880s, Marin County was California’s largest producer of fresh milk and butter. After World War II, the ranches declined, and most were incorporated into the California State Park system in the 1960s. Get-together at a local dairy ranch. (photos from George Kristian Lindholdt) Bygone Days at the Beach Muir Beach—known as Big Lagoon Beach until the late 1930s—has always been a popular place for recreation. Early-day beachgoers picnicked, camped, fished for salmon and trout, and hiked here. Others came to dine and dance at the Old Tavern, built in the early 1920s, or stay in one of the summer cottages. Weekend visitors catch a few fish (photos from George Kristian Lindholdt) EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA™ www.nps.gov/goga Restoring Ecological Integrity During the 20th century, human use changed the natural landscape of the wetland and creek habitat at Muir Beach. Farming, cattle and dairy ranching, road construction, and beachfront development collectively confined the creek, cut it off from its floodplain, caused it to fill with sediment, and diminished habitats. In collaboration with public agencies and nonprofit partners, the National Park Service implemented a multi-year, large-scale restoration plan. This work has freed the creek to meander naturally and reconnect with its wetland system, expanded the lagoon, created frogbreeding habitat, and enhanced sand dunes, setting the stage for the site’s return to ecological integrity. Make a Difference Click the link for more information. • Lend a hand in the ongoing effort to restore native plant communities and manage invasive species at Muir Beach and other parklands. www.parksconservancy.org • Learn what you can do to help protect the ocean. www.thankyouocean.org www.bluefront.org 5gyres.org • Get involved in the campaign to improve air quality in the San Francisco Bay Area. www.sparetheair.org www.nps.gov/goga k W O AC H 10 1 ay i Tra l N Horses and Hiking only Parking Hiking only Picnic Area Dogs on leash allowed Trailhead d GOLDEN GATE C ICY UPHILL O NL NATIONAL Y FO RECREATION AREA st oa ire Ro al F ad Pirat Emergency Phone Stables Food il a ll ey essee V enn To T v es Co Secondary Road en le Gre Sh Gulch Green d d le i M R B MUIR BEACH Vault Toilets Main Road North 0 e Tra il 0.5 miles Lodging 1 kilometer Location G hw y c ific Way Wa y C CEA Horses, Bikes, Hiking Creeks Zen Center Green Gulch Farm S LE CO a ra hT ai l i e or li n e g hw Hi lc Gu Pa il P Muir Be ch r T a a Tr as Ka l w O MUIR BEACH OVERLOOK MUIR BEACH COMMUNITY FI en GOLDEN GATE DAIRY Pelican Inn CI ch Tr a il ul 1 DS 1 A To Mid ch BE O DIAS RIDGE T s Gr e R Di a il ra ON UI re e INS 1 dC k ST M woo ig ree TO n Ra de Sli To TO H dC l Trai Re d Ridge Trail oo V i ew Re d w Coast MOUNT TAMALPAIS STATE PARK PIRATES COVE Muir Beach is halfway between Stinson Beach and the Marin Headlands, where Shoreline Highway (Hwy. 1) meets Muir Woods Road. The Coastal, Redwood Creek, and Dias Ridge Trails connect with Muir Beach. EXPERIENCE YOUR AMERICA™ www.nps.gov/goga

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