Birds of Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Florida. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Chassahowitzka and Crystal River National Wildlife Refuges Bird List Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge was established on August 17, 1983. The refuge is comprised of several islands, totaling 46 acres. They are surrounded by the crystal clear, spring fed waters of Kings Bay. The refuge was established for the protection of the endangered West Indian manatees. Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge provides critical winter habitat for approximately twenty percent of the nation’s manatee population. Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1943. The refuge is comprised of 31,000 acres of saltwater bays, estuaries and brackish marshes with a fringe of hardwood swamps along the eastern boundary. This unspoiled estuarine habitat along Florida’s west coast serves as important breeding and feeding ground for marine life. The refuge provides habitat for over 200 species of birds. Chassahowitzka and Crystal River National Wildife Refuges cover photo: USFWS The Blue Goose is the symbol of the National Wildlife Refuge System. This checklist includes 207 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and visiting ornithologists. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We appreciate your help in updating our records. Note: This list contains only coastal birds expected or seen on the refuge and does not include a lot of endemic land birds. The refuges are accessible only by boat. Public boat ramps in the areas of the refuges are limited, so visitors are advised to consult general refuge leaflets for the boat ramp access. Commercial guides are available in the towns of Crystal River, Homosassa and Chassahowitzka for boat tours on the refuges. The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The list is arranged in the order established by the American Ornithological Union. Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following: Seasonal appearance Sp S F W Spring, March - May Summer, June - August Fall, September - November Winter, December - February Seasonal abundance a. abundant (a common species which is very numerous) c. common (certain to be seen in suitable habitat) u. uncommon (present but not certain to be seen) o. occasional (seen only a few times during a season) r. rare (seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years) * known or suspected to have nested on refuge or known to nest locally. photo: USFWS photo: Nick Milam How to use your checklist cover photo: Mike Haramis SP S F W Loons ___Common Loon u r u u Grebes ___Pied-billed Grebe* ___Horned Grebe ___Eared Grebe a u r u a u r a u r Pelicans ___American White Pelican ___Brown Pelican* c a r a c a c a Cormorants ___Double-crested Cormorant* a a a a Darters ___Anhinga* c c c c Frigatebirds ___Magnificent Frigatebird u u u u Herons and Bitterns ___American Bittern ___Least Bittern* ___Great Blue Heron* ___Great Egret* ___Snowy Egret* ___Little Blue Heron* ___Tricolored Heron* ___Reddish Egret* ___Cattle Egret* ___Green Heron* ___Black-crowned Night Heron * ___Yellow-crowned Night Heron* o u a a a a a o u c c u o u a a a a a o c c c u o u a a a a a o c c c u u Ibises and Spoonbills ___White Ibis* ___Glossy Ibis ___Roseate Spoonbill a r r a r r a r r a r r Storks ___Wood Stork* c c c c Swans, Geese, and Ducks ___Snow Goose ___Wood Duck* ___Green-winged Teal ___American Black Duck ___Mottled Duck* ___Mallard ___Northern Pintail ___Blue-winged Teal r c o o c u u c c c u o c o u c r c u o c c u c c o a a a a a o c c c SP o o c o u u u o u u c r S r r o r o o o u r F o o c o u o o c o o c r W o o c o u u u c u u c r Vultures ___Black Vulture* ___Turkey Vulture* a a a a a a a a Hawks ___Osprey* ___American Swallow-tailed Kite* ___Bald Eagle* ___Northern Harrier ___Sharp-shinned Hawk ___Cooper’s Hawk ___Red-shouldered Hawk* ___Broad-winged Hawk ___Short-tailed Hawk ___Red-tailed Hawk* c c u c c u a u r u c c o o c c u c c u a c u c c u a u u Falcons ___American Kestrel* ___Peregrine Falcon c o u r c o c o Turkey and Quail ___Wild Turkey* ___Northern Bobwhite* u c u c u c u c Rails, Gallinules, Coots, and Cranes ___Yellow Rail r r ___Black Rail* o o o ___Clapper Rail* c c c ___King Rail* u u u ___Virginia Rail u u ___Sora c c ___Common Moorhen* a a a ___American Coot* u u u ___Limpkin* r r r ___Sandhill Crane* u u u ___Whooping Crane u u u (introduced to Chassahowitzka in year 2002) r o c u u c a u r u u ___Northern Shoveler ___Gadwall ___American Wigeon ___Canvasback ___Redhead ___Ring-necked Duck ___Greater Scaup (Coastal) ___Lesser Scaup ___Bufflehead ___Hooded Merganser ___Red-breasted Merganser ___Ruddy Duck u a u r u SP S F W Plovers ___Black-bellied Plover ___Snowy Plover ___Wilson’s Plover* ___Semipalmated Plover ___Killdeer* c u u u a u u u r c c u u u a c u u u a Oystercatchers ___American Oystercatcher* o o o o Stilts and Avocets ___Black-necked Stilt* ___American Avocet r r r r r r r Sandpipers ___Greater Yellowlegs ___Lesser Yellowlegs ___Solitary Sandpiper ___Willet* ___Spotted Sandpiper ___Whimbrel ___Long-billed Curlew ___Marbled Godwit ___Ruddy Turnstone ___Red Knot ___Sanderling ___Semipalmated Sandpiper ___Western Sandpiper ___Least Sandpiper ___Pectoral Sandpiper ___Dunlin ___Stilt Sandpiper ___Short-billed Dowitcher ___Common Snipe r c r u r u r o u u c u c c u u u u u c a r u u r r o u u u u o c u u r c r u r u r o u u c c c o u u r c u a u c u u c r u u u u u a c a c u c o r u Gulls, Terns, Skimmers ___Laughing Gull* ___Bonaparte’s Gull ___Ring-billed Gull ___Herring Gull ___Caspian Tern* ___Royal Tern* ___Sandwich Tern* ___Common Tern ___Forster’s Tern ___Least Tern ___Black Tern ___Black Skimmer a u a c u c o r u o u o u u r o o u u u u u u u u r a u c r o r u r u u u r u SP S F W Pigeons and Doves ___White-winged Dove ___Mourning Dove ___Common Ground-dove r a c a c a c r a c Owls ___Barn Owl* ___Eastern Screech Owl* ___Great Horned Owl* ___Barred Owl* u c u c u c u c u c u c u c u c Goatsuckers ___Common Nighthawk* ___Chuck-will’s-widow* r a c a c r Swifts ___Chimney Swift* u c u Hummingbirds ___Ruby-throated Hummingbird* u u u r Kingfishers ___Belted Kingfisher* c u u c Woodpeckers ___Red-headed Woodpecker* ___Red-bellied Woodpecker* ___Yellow-bellied Sapsucker ___Downy Woodpecker ___Hairy Woodpecker* ___Northern Flicker* ___Pileated Woodpecker* u a u c u c c u a c u c c u a u c u c c u a u c u c c Flycatchers ___Eastern Phoebe* ___Great-crested Flycatcher* ___Eastern Kingbird* ___Gray Kingbird* c c u c c c c u c c c c a u a u c a u a u r u c r c u u c r r r a a a a a a a a a a a a Swallows ___Purple Martin ___Tree Swallow ___Northern Rough-winged Swallow* ___Bank Swallow ___Barn Swallow* Jays and Crows ___Blue Jay* ___American Crow* ___Fish Crow* r SP S F W Chickadees and Titmice ___Carolina Chickadee* ___Tufted Titmouse* a a a a a a a a Wrens ___Carolina Wren* ___House Wren ___Marsh Wren* a u c a o c a c c a c c Kinglets and Gnatcatchers ___Golden-crowned Kinglet ___Ruby-crowned Kinglet ___Blue-gray Gnatcatcher* u c c u c u c c c a Thrushes ___Eastern Bluebird* ___Veery ___Gray-cheeked Thrush ___Swainson’s Thrush ___Hermit Thrush ___Wood Thrush* ___American Robin u c u c u r r c c c Mockingbirds and Thrashers ___Gray Catbird* ___Northern Mockingbird* ___Brown Thrasher* u a c o a c a a c a a c Waxwings ___Cedar Waxwing c u c Shrikes ___Loggerhead Shrike* c c c c a u u a a c c u c a u r Vireos ___White-eyed Vireo* ___Solitary Vireo ___Yellow-throated Vireo* ___Red-eyed Vireo* Warblers ___Blue-winged Warbler ___Northern Parula ___Yellow Warbler ___Black-throated Blue Warbler ___Yellow-rumped Warbler ___Yellow-throated Warbler* ___Pine Warbler* ___Prairie Warbler* ___Palm Warbler ___Black and White Warbler c u r r c r c r c a c a c u c c r c a c o c c c a c a c a c c o o r r a u a c a u ___American Redstart ___Prothonotary Warbler* ___Ovenbird ___Common Yellowthroat Tanagers, Grosbeaks, Buntings ___Summer Tanager ___Scarlet Tanager ___Cardinal ___Blue Grosbeak* ___Indigo Bunting* ___Eastern Towhee* Sparrows ___Chipping Sparrow ___Seaside Sparrow ___Song Sparrow* ___Swamp Sparrow ___White-throated Sparrow ___Dark-eyed Junco SP c c c c o o a c c a S c c c a c c a F c u c c W u r r c u r a u u a o a r r a u c r r c a c c c c c a c c c c c Blackbirds ___Red-winged Blackbird* ___Eastern Meadowlark* ___Boat-tailed Grackle* ___Common Grackle* ___Brown-headed Cowbird* ___Baltimore Oriole a a a a u u a a a a u a a a a c u a a a a c u Finches ___American Goldfinch c Introduced Non-native Species ___Muscovy Duck ___Monk Parakeet ___Rock Dove* ___Eurasian Collared-dove* ___European Starling ___House Sparrow u u a u c c For further information contact: Refuge Manager Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge 1502 SE Kings Bay Drive Crystal River, Florida 34429 352/563 2088 c u u a u c c u u a u c c u u a u c c Birding Ethics The membership of the American Birding Association believe that all birders have an obligation at all times to protect wildlife, the natural environment, and the rights of others and ask that all birders adhere to the following general guidelines of good birding behavior. I. Birders must always act in ways that do not endanger the welfare of birds or other wildlife. In keeping with this principle, we will: Observe and photograph birds without knowingly disturbing them in any significant way. Avoid chasing or repeatedly flushing birds. Keep an appropriate distance from nests and nesting colonies so as not to disturb the birds or expose them to danger. Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration. II Birders must always act in ways that do not harm the natural environment. In keeping with this principle, we will: Stay on existing roads, trails, and pathways whenever possible to avoid trampling. Leave all habitat as it was found. Many birds die when they become entangled in discarded fishing lines, 6 pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food. III Birders must always respect the rights of others. In keeping with this principle, we will: Respect the privacy and property of others by observing “No Trespassing” signs. Observe all laws and the rules and regulations that govern public use of birding areas. Always behave in a manner that will enhance the image of the birding community in the eyes of the public. IV Birders in groups should assume special responsibilities. As group members, we shall: Take special care to alleviate the problems and disturbances that are multiplied when more people are present. Act in consideration of the group’s interest, as well as our own. Support by our actions the responsibility of the group leader(s) for the conduct of the group. As group leaders, we will: Assume responsibility for the conduct of the group. Learn and inform the group of any special rules, regulations, or conduct applicable to the area, or habitat being visited. Limit groups to a size that does not threaten the environment or the peace and tranquility of others. Teach others birding ethics by our words and example. Sighting Notes Date _____________________________ Time ______________________________ Weather _______________________________ _______________________________ No. of species _____________________________ ______________________________ Route or area __________________________________ ______________________________ Observers _______________________________ _______________________________ Remarks ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge 1502 SE Kings Bay Drive Crystal River, Florida 34429 352/563 2088 www.gorp.com/gorp/resource/us_nwr/fl_chass.htm www.gorp.com/gorp/resource/us_nwr/fl_cryst.htm U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1 800/344 WILD February 1999