Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee
Birds of Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge (NWR) in Florida. Published by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS).
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U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Bird List Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge includes 143,874 acres of Everglades habitat in Palm Beach County, Florida. Tree islands interspersed with stands of sawgrass, wet prairies and sloughs cover most of the refuge. The headquarters entrance, located 12 miles west of Boynton Beach, has a combined management and wildlife viewing area that is an excellent vantage point for watching waders, waterfowl and other birds. The Marsh Trail is located here. The Cypress Swamp Boardwalk offers an opportunity to see woodpeckers, owls, and songbirds. The 5.5 mile canoe trail provides a closer look at the Everglades and its wildlife. For further information contact the Visitor Center at 561/734 8303. How to use your checklist The bird checklist was designed to be informative and simple to use. The list is arranged in the order established by the American Ornithological Union. Symbols which appear in this checklist represent the following: photo: USFWS Seasonal Appearance W Winter••• December - February Sp Spring•••March - May S Summer•••June - August F Fall•••September - November Seasonal abundance a. abundant (a common species which is very numerous) photo: Peter Knapp c. common (certain to be seen in suitable habitat) u. uncommon (present but not certain to be seen) o. occasional (seen only a few times during a season) r. rare (seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years) x accidental (out of normal species range) * nests on the refuge. photo: K. Kettlehut This checklist includes 250 species of birds and is based on observations by refuge personnel and local bird authorities. If you should find an unlisted species, please let us know at Refuge Headquarters. We appreciate your help in updating our records. Photo:Willocks Loons and Grebes ___Common Loon ___Pied-billed Grebe* ___Horned Grebe ___Eared Grebe Pelicans and Their Allies ___American White Pelican ___Brown Pelican ___Double-crested Cormorant* ___Anhinga* ___Magnificent Frigatebird W Sp S F r r c c u c x x r r u u u a a a x u a x Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns ___American Bittern ___Least Bittern* ___Great Blue Heron* ___Great Egret* ___Snowy Egret* ___Little Blue Heron* ___Tricolored Heron* ___Cattle Egret* ___Green Heron* ___Black-crowned Night-Heron* ___Yellow-crowned Night-Heron* u u a a c a c a a c u u u a a c a c a a c u o u a a u a c a a c u u u a a c a c a a c u Ibises, Spoonbills, and Storks ___White Ibis* ___Scarlet Ibis ___Glossy Ibis ___Roseate Spoonbill ___Wood Stork* c x c o c c c c u o c u o u c o c Waterfowl ___Fulvous Whistling-Duck ___Tundra Swan ___Snow Goose ___Wood Duck* ___Green-winged Teal ___American Black Duck ___Mottled Duck* ___Mallard ___White-cheeked Pintail ___Northern Pintail ___Blue-winged Teal ___Cinnamon Teal ___Northern Shoveler ___Gadwell ___American Wigeon ___Canvasback ___Redhead ___Ring-necked Duck c x x c c r a r x u a x u o u r r a u u c u u c c a a r o u a r u u o u r r a r a r u o ___Greater Scaup ___Lesser Scaup ___Common Goldeneye ___Bufflehead ___Hooded Merganser ___Common Merganser ___Red-breasted Merganser ___Ruddy Duck ___Masked Duck W r o x r u x o o x Vultures, Hawks, Falcons, and Allies ___Black Vulture* ___Turkey Vulture* ___Osprey* ___Swallow-tailed Kite ___White-tailed Kite ___Snail Kite* ___Bald Eagle ___Northern Harrier ___Sharp-shinned Hawk ___Cooper’s Hawk ___Red-shouldered Hawk* ___Broad-winged Hawk ___Short-tailed Hawk ___Swainson’s Hawk ___Red-tailed Hawk ___Crested Caracara ___American Kestrel ___Merlin ___Peregine Falcon a a c a a c c c c u r u u u o o r c c c c o o o a a a o o u u u c c u u r r a a c r Turkeys and Quail ___Wild Turkey ___Northern Bobwhite u u u x u Rails, Gallinules, Coots, and Cranes ___Yellow Rail ___Black Rail ___King Rail* ___Virginia Rail ___Sora ___Purple Gallinule* ___Common Moorhean* ___American Coot* ___Limpkin* ___Sandhill Crane ___Whooping Crane r r c o u c a a c u r c c o u c c a a a r c c u u r r r r c o u c a a c u r u u c c u u c c Shorebirds ___Black-bellied Plover ___Semipalmated Plover ___Killdeer* ___Black-necked Stilt* u r c Sp r r o r S r F o r u o o x o u c c u o c o a o o x u x c u r ___American Avocet ___Greater Yellowlegs ___Lesser Yellowlegs ___Solitary Sandpiper ___Willet ___Spotted Sandpiper ___Marbled Godwit ___Red Knot ___Semipalmated Sandpiper ___Western Sandpiper ___Least Sandpiper ___White-rumped Sandpiper ___Pectoral Sandpiper ___Dunlin ___Stilt Sandpiper ___Short-billed Dowitcher ___Long-billed Dowitcher ___Common Snipe ___American Woodcock W Sp S o u c u u c u r u u r u c o c c u c c u a c u u u u o u o u c c r F o c c u r c x x c c a r u r u c u c r Gulls and Terns ___Laughing Gull ___Bonaparte’s Gull ___Ring-billed Gull ___Herring Gull ___Gull-billed Tern ___Caspian Tern ___Forster’s Tern ___Least Tern ___Black Tern ___Black Skimmer u u x u u o o r o u u o o u u u u Doves ___Rock Dove ___Eurasian Collared-Dove ___White-winged Dove ___Mourning Dove* ___Common Ground-Dove* o x r a c Cuckoos ___Black-billed Cuckoo ___Yellow-billed Cuckoo* ___Smooth-billed Ani* c Owls ___Barn Owl ___Eastern Screech-Owl* ___Great Horned Owl* ___Burrowing Owl ___Barred Owl* ___Short-eared Owl u c u x o r u o o u o u u u o u o o u u r a c r a c c c c c x c c r a c u c u u c u o o r u c u x o r Sp S F x u u c c u c c c c u Swifts and Hummingbirds ___Chimney Swift ___Ruby-throated Hummingbird u r u o u o Kingfishers ___Belted Kingfisher c r a Goatsuckers ___Lesser Nighthawk ___Common Nighthawk* ___Chuck-will’s-widow* ___Whip-poor-will W a Woodpeckers ___Red-headed Woodpecker x ___Red-bellied Woodpecker* a a a a ___Yellow-bellied Sapsucker u u u ___Downy Woodpecker* c c c c ___Hairy Woodpecker r ___Northern Flicker* u u u u ___Pileated Woodpecker* c c c c Flycatchers ___Eastern Wood-Pewee ___Acadian Flycatcher ___Willow Flycatcher ___Least Flycatcher u ___Eastern Phoebe a c ___Great-creasted Flycatcher* r c u ___Couch’s Kingbird x ___Cassin’s Kingbird x x ___Western Kingbird r ___Eastern Kingbird* c u ___Gray Kingbird r u ___Scissor-tailed Flycatcher r ___Fork-tailed Flycatcher Larks ___Horned Lark Swallows ___Purple Martin ___Tree Swallow ___Northern Rough-winged Swallow ___Bank Swallow ___Cliff Swallow ___Barn Swallow x a u a u o x u a c r a u r x u a u a c c u u r a a c u o a W Sp S F c c c c c c c c Wrens ___Carolina Wren* ___House Wren ___Sedge Wren ___Marsh Wren c c r c c c r c c c c r c Kinglets and Gnatcatchers ___Ruby-crowned Kinglet ___Blue-gray Gnatcatcher o a o c Bluebirds, Thrushes, and Robins ___Eastern Bluebird x ___Veery ___Gray-cheeked Thrush ___Swainson’s Thrush ___Hermit Thrush r ___American Robin a u r r r c Thrashers ___Gray Catbird ___Northern Mockingbird* ___Brown Thrasher* a a u a a u a u a a u Pipits ___American Pipit r r r Waxwings ___Cedar Waxwing c c Shrikes ___Loggerhead Shirke c c c c Starlings ___European Starling c c c c c x u r c c u r u r r c x u u r c r x r u Jays and Crows ___Blue Jay* ___Fish Crow Vireos ___White-eyed Vireo ___Bell’s Vireo ___Blue-headed Vireo ___Yellow-throated Vireo ___Philadelphia Vireo ___Red-eyed Vireo ___Black-whiskered Vireo Warblers ___Blue-winged Warbler ___Golden-winged Warbler ___Tennessee Warbler o o a u u u r u u W Sp S ___Orange-crowned Warbler c ___Nashville Warbler r o ___Northern Parula u a o ___Yellow Warbler r u ___Chestnut-sided Warbler ___Magnolia Warbler r u ___Cape May Warbler c ___Black-throated Blue Warbler r c ___Yellow-rumped Warbler a a ___Black-throated Green Warbler r ___Blackburnian Warbler ___Yellow-throated Warbler u u u ___Pine Warbler u r ___Prairie Warbler c c u ___Palm Warbler a a ___Bay-breasted Warbler ___Blackpoll Warbler u ___Black-and-white Warbler c c ___American Redstart u a u ___Prothonotary Warbler o ___Worm-eating Warbler u ___Swainson’s Warbler r ___Ovenbird c a ___Northern Waterthrush u c ___Louisiana Waterthrush o o ___Kentucky Warbler ___Common Yellowthroat* a a c ___Hooded Warbler u ___Wilson’s Warbler r r ___Canada Warbler ___Yellow-breasted Chat o o Tanagers ___Summer Tanager ___Scarlet Tanager Cardinals, Grosbeaks, and Allies ___Northern Cardinal* ___Rose-breasted Grosbeak ___Blue Grosbeak ___Indigo Bunting ___Painted Bunting ___Dickcissel Sparrows ___Eastern Towhee ___Chipping Sparrow ___Clay-colored Sparrow ___Vesper Sparrow ___Lark Sparrow ___Savannah Sparrow F c o a u u c c c a o o c u a a o c c a u u r a a r a u o x u r u u u a a o r c c a a u r c c c r c c r a c x x a r c c x c r x ___Grasshopper Sparrow ___Lincoln’s Sparrow ___Swamp Sparrow W u o a Blackbirds and Allies ___Bobolink ___Red-winged Blackbird* a ___Eastern Meadowlark* u ___Yellow-headed Blackbird o ___Rusty Blackbird r ___Boat-tailed Grackle* a ___Common Grackle* a ___Brown-headed Cowbird u ___Orchard Oriole ___Spot-breasted Oriole ___Baltimore Oriole r Finches ___Pine Siskin ___American Goldfinch r u Old-World Sparrows House Sparrow* u Sp u S F u a a c a u a u a a u a a u r x u a a r a a u u u u u Take care not to disturb nesting birds, exposing eggs and young to extreme temperatures and predation. Disturb wintering wildlife as little as possible, particularly during critical feeding and resting periods. They need all of their energy reserves to withstand the stresses of harsh weather and migration. Do not Litter. Many birds die when they become entangled in fishing lines, 6-pack rings and other trash, or when they mistake garbage for food. photo: USFWS For further information contact: Refuge Manager ARM Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge 10216 Lee Road Boynton Beach, Florida 33473-4797 Sighting Notes Date Time Weather No. of species Route or area Observers Remarks The Blue Goose is the symbol of the National Wildlife Refuge System. Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge 10216 Lee Road Boynton Beach, Florida 33473-4797 561/732 3684 http://www.fws.gov/Loxahatchee U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service 1 800/344 WILD May 2011