State Beach - California
San Onofre State Beach is a 3,000-acre (1,214 ha) state park located in San Diego County, California, USA. The beach is 3 miles (5 km) south of the city of San Clemente on Interstate 5 at Basilone Road. With over 2.5 million visitors per year, it is one of the five most-visited state parks in California, hosting swimmers, campers, kayakers, birders, fishermen, bicyclists, sunbathers, surfers, and the sacred Native American site of Panhe. It is named after the fourth-century saint Onuphrius. Located between San Onofre Bluffs and San Onofre Surf Beach is the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS), which was officially shut down in June 2013.
|California Pocket Maps
Vintage USGS - Santa Ana - 1947
Vintage 1947 USGS 1:250000 Map of Santa Ana in California. Published by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=647 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Onofre_State_Beach San Onofre State Beach is a 3,000-acre (1,214 ha) state park located in San Diego County, California, USA. The beach is 3 miles (5 km) south of the city of San Clemente on Interstate 5 at Basilone Road. With over 2.5 million visitors per year, it is one of the five most-visited state parks in California, hosting swimmers, campers, kayakers, birders, fishermen, bicyclists, sunbathers, surfers, and the sacred Native American site of Panhe. It is named after the fourth-century saint Onuphrius. Located between San Onofre Bluffs and San Onofre Surf Beach is the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS), which was officially shut down in June 2013.
Our Mission San Onofre State Beach The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. At this vital watershed area, San Onofre State Beach offers a surfer’s paradise, with seven miles of beachfront and California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the park at (949) 492-4872. This publication is available in alternate formats by contacting: CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369 (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service www.parks.ca.gov Discover the many states of California.™ San Onofre State Beach San Clemente, CA 92672 (949) 492-4872 San Mateo Campground 830 Cristianitos Road San Onofre Bluffs Campground Basilone Road exit off I-5, then south 3 miles on Pacific Coast Highway © 2010 California State Parks legendary surf breaks. an Onofre State Beach sits at the edge of a 3,000-acre scenic coastal canyon area. Native Acjachemen, Spanish missionaries, rancheros, caballeros, the United States Marines and surfing legends have all made history at San Onofre. The diverse recreational and natural offerings of this park’s three distinct sections—San Onofre Bluffs, San Onofre Surf Beach and San Mateo Campground—make it one of the most popular state parks in California. Native People Acjachemen territory ranged from what is now northern San Diego County, along Orange County’s central coast, and inland from the Pacific Ocean into the Santa Ana Mountains. Panhe is an ancient Acjachemen village, over 8,000 years old, located in the park. Acjachemen people can trace their ancestors to Panhe, which today remains a sacred ceremonial and cultural site. Mission and Rancho Periods Under Spanish rule, Acjachemen were forced to labor building nearby Mission San Juan Capistrano. After the mission was completed in 1776, the Spanish mission priests renamed the Acjachemen “Juaneño.” Today, their descendants are known as the Juaneño Band of Mission Indians, Acjachemen Nation. Many of today’s Juaneño have adopted the indigenous term Acjachemen. The State of California Photo courtesy of Stephen Francis S Surfing off Trestles Beach officially recognized the tribe in 1993. Tribal members have revived their once-extinct Acjachemen language; they are actively seeking federal tribal recognition. Park History This park was once part of Rancho de San Onofrio y Santa Margarita, more than 89,000 acres granted to brothers Pío Pico and Andrés Pico by governor Luis Alvarado in 1841. Three years later, the brothers were granted another 44,000 acres at Rancho Las Flores. California’s largest land grant, at 133,440 acres, became known as Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores. The U.S. Government acquired the land by eminent domain in 1942 for a U.S. Marine Corps training facility. This facility, Camp Joseph H. Pendleton, was dedicated on September 25, 1942, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. San Onofre State Beach was leased to the state by the United States Marine Corps in 1971. San Onofre—with its surf spots at Trestles and neighboring beaches—has a longtime association with the sport of surfing and the evolution of Southern California’s modern surf culture. San Onofre’s consistent wave breaks have attracted dedicated surfers since 1933. Surfing competitions began in 1938. Natural History The park lies on the edge of the Santa Ana Mountains, along the Pacific Ocean. Its habitats and terrains vary from flat, sandy beaches to sheer coastal cliffs, marshes to alluvial floodplains, and prairies to rolling foothills. Spectacular vertical terraces, nearly 100 feet tall, form beachside bluffs. A member of the Acjachemen Nation at Panhe’s annual Earth Day celebration. Wildlife Ten federally endangered or threatened species seek shelter at San Onofre. The steelhead trout, tidewater goby, San Diego fairy shrimp, Riverside fairy shrimp, arroyo toad, Pacific pocket mouse, least Bell’s vireo and southwestern willow flycatcher are endangered. The Western snowy plover and California gnatcatcher are threatened. The nearly pristine water of the San Mateo and San Onofre watersheds provide one of the last ecosystems for these delicate species. The watershed, home to many bird and aquatic species, is also the last natural wildlife corridor connecting the Cleveland National Forest to the ocean. Offshore, visitors may Pacific spot sea lions, dolphins or pocket mouse migrating whales in season. Vegetation Mediterranean-type plant life—adapted to handle winter rains and warm, dry summers— dominates San Onofre’s habitats. Common plants are sycamore, California sage, laurel sumac and grasses. Climate The climate is moderate. Balmy sea breezes r
Playa Estatal San Onofre Nuestra Misión La misión de California State Parks es proporcionar apoyo para la salud, la inspiración y la educación de los ciudadanos de California al ayudar a preservar la extraordinaria diversidad biológica del estado, proteger sus más valiosos recursos naturales y culturales, y crear oportunidades para la recreación al aire libre de alta calidad. En esta zona vital de la cuenca, la Playa Estatal San Onofre brinda un paraíso para los surfistas con siete millas de playa y olas California State Parks apoya la igualdad de acceso. Antes de llegar, los visitantes con discapacidades que necesiten asistencia deben comunicarse con el parque llamando al (949) 492-4872. Si necesita esta publicación en un formato alternativo, comuníquese con firstname.lastname@example.org. CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 Para obtener más información, llame al: (800) 777-0369 o (916) 653-6995, fuera de los EE. UU. o 711, servicio de teléfono de texto. www.parks.ca.gov San Onofre State Beach San Clemente, CA 92672 (949) 492-4872 © 2010 California State Parks rompientes legendarias. a Playa Estatal San Onofre se ubica en el borde de los 3 000 acres de paisaje costero en la zona del cañón. Los nativos acjachemen, los misioneros españoles, los rancheros, los caballeros y los marines estadounidenses sumados a las leyendas del surf han contribuido a construir la historia de San Onofre. La diversidad recreativa y natural que brindan las tres partes en que se divide este parque, los peñascos San Onofre, la playa de surf San Onofre y la zona de campamento San Mateo, lo convierten en uno de los parques estatales más populares de California. PUEBLOS NATIVOS El territorio de los acjachemen comprendía lo que actualmente se conoce como el Condado de San Diego, a lo largo de la costa central del Condado de Orange, y la parte continental que va desde el océano pacífico hasta la Sierra de Santa Ana. Panhe es una antigua villa acjachemen de más de 8 000 años ubicada en el parque. El pueblo acjachemen puede localizar a sus ancestros en Panhe, que actualmente es un lugar ceremonial sagrado y cultural. Períodos de misiones y ranchos Bajo la dominación española, los acjachemen fueron forzados a trabajar en la construcción cerca de la misión San Juan Capistrano. Luego de la finalización de la misión en 1776, lo sacerdotes misioneros españoles renombraron a los acjachemen como “juaneños”. Hoy, sus descendientes se conocen como Grupo Juaneños de Indios La fotografía es cortesía de Stephen Francis L misioneros (Juaneño Band of Mission Indians), Nación Acjachemen. Actualmente, muchos juaneños han readoptado el nombre indígena. En 1993, el Estado de California reconoció oficialmente a la tribu. Los miembros de la tribu han reavivado su lenguaje, que se encontraba en extinción, y buscan activamente se reconocidos por el gobierno nacional. HISTORIA DEL PARQUE Alguna vez, el parque fue parte del Rancho de San Onofre y Santa Margarita. En el año 1841, el gobernador Luis Alvarado le concedió a los hermanos Pío y Andrés Pico más de 89 000 acres. Tres años después, se les concedió también, 44 000 acres más en el Rancho Las Flores. La concesión de tierras más grande de California, de 133 440 acres, se conoció como Rancho Santa Margarita y Las Flores. En el año 1942, el gobierno estadounidense adquirió la tierra por expropiación para utilizarla como instalaciones de entrenamiento del Cuerpo de Marines de los Estados Unidos. El Presidente Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicó dichas instalaciones a Joseph H. Pendleton el 25 de septiembre de 1942. En 1971, la Playa Estatal San Onofre fue arrendada por el Cuerpo de Marines de los Estados Unidos. San Onofre, con sus lugares de surf en Trestles y las playas cercanas, está estrechamente relacionada con este deporte y la evolución de la cultura moderna del surf del sur California. Desde el año Surf en la playa Trestles 1933, las consistentes olas rompientes de San Onofre han atraído a los surfistas adeptos. Las competencias de surf comenzaron en 1938. HISTORIA NATURAL El parque se ubica en el borde de la Sierra de Santa Ana a lo largo del Océano Pacífico. Sus terrenos y hábitats varían desde playas llanas hasta acantilados costeros escarpados, desde marismas hasta planicies aluviales y desde praderas hasta colinas onduladas. Espectaculares terrazas verticales, de cerca de 100 pies de altura, forman los peñascos costeros. Vida silvestre Diez especies declaradas en peligro o amenaza de extinción a nivel nacional buscan refugio en San Onofre. Las especies en peligro de extinción son la trucha arcoíris, el Eucyclogobius newberryi, la Branchinecta sandiegonensis, el Streptocephalus woottoni, el Anaxyrus californicus, el ratón de bolsillo del Pacífico (Perognathus longimembris pacificus), el vireo de Bell californiano (Vireo bellii pusillus) y el mosquero saucero (Empidonax traillii). El chortilejo blanco del oeste y las perlitas californianas se encuentran en amenaza de extinción.
San Mateo Campground at San Onofre State Beach 830 Cristianitos Road • San Clemente, CA 92672 • (949) 361-2531 San Mateo Campground lies a short distance inland from the 3.5-miles of sandy beaches within San Onofre State Beach A 1.5-mile Nature Trail connects the campground to Trestles Beach, a world class surfing site. San Mateo Creek flows just east of the campground outward towards the ocean creating key riparian and wetland habitats which host some rare and even endangered species. All campsites include a fire pit and picnic table. Hookup sites are available with electricity and water. Other amenities include an RV sanitation station, hot, coin-operated indoor showers, and flush toilets. Below are listed a few park rules that will assist you in having a fun and save visit. PARK FEES are due and payable upon entry into the park. Use the self-registration system if the entrance station is closed. The campsite fee covers one vehicle. There are additional fees for extra vehicles to be paid at the gate. Showers require a quarter to operate. PETS/DOGS must be under control at all times and on a leash no longer than six feet. They are not permitted in buildings or on the beach (except for service dogs). Pets/dogs must be confined to a vehicle or tent at night and must not be left unattended. OCCUPANCY: Each campsite may have up to 8 persons (including children). Three vehicles maximum are allowed per campsite. ALCOHOL is allowed within the campsite in which you are registered only; no alcohol allowed in dayuse areas or on trails. You must be 21 years of age to consume or posses alcohol. VEHICLE PARKING: Vehicles may only be parked in your assigned campsite. They must remain on the pavement and must not extend into the roadway beyond the campsite number or limit line. No more than three vehicles are allowed in each numbered campsite. Trailers and mortorhomes are considered a vehicle. ANNUAL DAY USE PERMITS must park in the lot by the campfire center (do not park in numbered campsites). Day use hours are from 6:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m year round. CHECK-OUT TIME: Please vacate your site by noon. Check-in is 2 p.m. The two hours between check out and check in provides maintenance personnel time to clean the campsite. SPEED LIMIT: The maximum speed limit is 15 mph. When pedestrians, bicyclists and children are present, even 15 mph might be too fast. Use good judgment. Do not drink and drive. QUIET HOURS are from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. To ensure an enjoyable experience for everyone, please do not disturb other campers, regardless of the time of day or night. Generators may only be operated between the hours of 10 a.m. and 8 p.m. JUVENILES: If you are under the age of 18 years old, you must provide the staff a written permission letter signed by your parent or legal guardian and proof of identification in order to camp at the park. FIRES AND FIREWOOD: Please be cautious when building fires. Fires are allowed only in established fire rings or camp stoves. Do not build fires outside the fire rings or leave campfires unattended. Do not gather firewood in the park–– the nutrients must be allowed to recycle back into the ecosystem. BICYCLES: By law, children under 18 must wear a helmet (skateboards, roller skates, and scooters included). Adults should wear helmets as well. MOTORIZED SCOOTERS / GOLF CARTS: must be street legal with a license plate and proper equipment to be operated within the park. The driver must be at least 16 years of age and possess a valid driver license. NOISE: Radios and other sound-producing devices must not be audible beyond your immediate campsite, regardless of the time of day or night. Discover the many states of California.TM © 2009 California State Parks RESERVATIONS FOR CAMPING: You may make camping reservations up to seven months and no less than 48 hours in advance by calling (800) 444-7275 (TTY 800-274-7275). Reservations may be charged to VISA®, Discover® or Mastercard®. To make online reservations, visit our website at www.parks.ca.gov. San Mateo Campground GAMES or activities that are disruptive to the other campers or the environment are strictly prohibited. Airsoft, pellet, or BB guns are strictly prohibited. Campsites 1-67 have electrical and water hookups. 47 49 oa d sR nit o ris tia 2 7 9 35 46 53 15 11 13 14 75 76 18 79 77 68 70 beach) iles to Tr ai l( atu re Pan he N les mi .9 96 97 I-5 114 142 145 156 138 136 134 133 132 128 126 125 CH 119 146 157 148 149 153 155 154 130 129 124 118 121 152 151 122 123 90 LEGEND Accessible Features 135 127 120 86 139 131 115 117 CH 5 147 113 23 92 137 111 116 94 89 140 112 141 93 4 109 CH Camp Host Site Campfire Center Parking RV Sanitation Station Restroom Trail Trash Locations Map not to scale. 150 For Emergencies Dial © 2009 California State Parks 24 91 105 110 20 26 25 88 85 95 104 22 67 87 83 98 102 19 66 84 100 99 101 103 106 107 108 21
San Onofre State Beach San Onofre Bluffs Campground San Clemente, CA 92672 • (949) 492-4872 San Onofre Bluffs is located off Interstate 5; take exit #71 and continue southbound for three miles on Old Pacific Coast Highway (Latitude = 33.37794, Longitude = -117.56815). San Onofre Bluffs campground and day-use areas feature 3.5 miles of undeveloped beach front. There are seven quarter-mile-long trails leading to the beach from the bluff top. The beach and campground are very popular with surfers, swimmers, anglers, hikers, bicyclists and birders. There is abundant wildlife to admire, such as whales, dolphins, sea lions and several species of seabirds. The park is open yearround for day use, but is closed for camping from October 1 through May 15. PARK FEES are due and payable upon entry into the park. Use the self-registration system if the entrance station is closed. The campsite fee covers one vehicle. Additional fees apply for extra vehicles. OCCUPANCY: Each campsite may have up to eight persons (including children). Three vehicles maximum are allowed for RV sites and two vehicles maximum for tent sites. Tents must be set up between the asphalt and the first berm. Tents are not allowed on the bluffs or the fire roads. Articles are not to be tied or hung from trees or brush. VEHICLE PARKING: Vehicles may be parked only in your assigned campsite. They must remain on the pavement and must not extend into the roadway beyond the campsite number or limit line. Do not park vehicles with day-use permits in numbered campsites. FACILITIES: There are sanitation stations at Trail 1 and Trail 3 North. Free cold-water outdoor showers are available at all restrooms. CHECK-OUT TIME: Please vacate your site by noon. Check-in is 2 p.m. SPEED LIMIT: The maximum speed limit is 15 mph. When pedestrians, bicyclists and children are present, even 15 mph might be too fast. Use good judgment. Do not drink and drive. QUIET HOURS are from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m. To ensure an enjoyable experience for everyone, please do not disturb other campers, regardless of the time of day or night. Generators may be operated only between the hours of 10 a.m. and 8 p.m. PETS/DOGS must be under control at all times and on a leash no longer than six feet. They are only permitted on the beach at Trails 1 and 6. Owners must remove noisy and/or vicious dogs from the campground upon complaint. Pets must be confined to a vehicle or tent at night and must not be left unattended. ALCOHOL is allowed only within the campsite in which you are registered; no alcohol is allowed in day-use areas or on trails. You must be 21 years of age to consume or possess alcohol. FIRES AND FIREWOOD: Please be cautious when building fires. Fires are allowed only in established fire rings or camp stoves, and are not permitted on the beach. Do not build fires outside the fire rings or leave campfires unattended. Wooden pallets are illegal to burn. Do not gather firewood in the park––the nutrients must be allowed to recycle back into the ecosystem. BICYCLES: Children under 18 must wear a helmet (skateboards, roller skates and scooters included). MOTORIZED SCOOTERS/GOLF CARTS must be street legal and with a license plate to be operated within the park. The driver must be at least 16 years of age and possess a valid driver license. NOISE: Radios and other sound-producing devices must not be audible beyond your immediate campsite, regardless of the time of day or night. GAMES or activities that are disruptive to the other campers or the environment are strictly prohibited. Fireworks, airsoft, pellet or BB guns are strictly prohibited. JUVENILES: Persons under the age of 18 must be accompanied by an adult or must provide a written permission letter, signed by a parent or guardian. Juveniles must be able to show a valid picture I.D. (such as driver’s license or school I.D.). If juveniles do not possess the necessary information, they will not be allowed to camp at San Onofre. If the age of the person is being questioned, the on-duty ranger will be called. THEFT WARNING: Keep your vehicles locked and your valuables out of sight. Do not leave property out at night; report suspicious activity to a ranger or camp host. Discover the many states of California.TM CAMPING RESERVATIONS: You may make camping reservations by calling (800) 444-7275 (TTY 800-274-7275). To make online reservations, visit our website at www.parks.ca.gov. ALTERNATE FORMAT: This publication is available in alternate formats by contacting (800) 777-0369, 711, TTY relay service. San Onofre Bluffs at San Onofre State Beach South Day Use Area Trail 6 #16 164–175 Your Site # ________ #15 146–163 LEGEND Unpaved Road #14 125–145 Paved Road Trail to Beach Dogs Allowed on Leash Parking Restroom #12 BEACH Group Campsite 120–124 First Aid Trail 5 105–119 Old Highway 101 #13 #11 Tent Campsite Pacific Ocean Trail 4 94–104 RV Campsite #10 67–93 1–23 Site Numbers Sanitation Station #8 5 46–66 Map is not