by Alex Gugel , all rights reserved

Julia Pfeiffer Burns

Park Brochure

brochure Julia Pfeiffer Burns - Park Brochure
Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park Our Mission The mission of California State Parks is to provide for the health, inspiration and education of the people of California by helping to preserve the state’s extraordinary biological diversity, protecting its most valued natural and cultural resources, and creating opportunities for high-quality outdoor recreation. Visitors from around the world revere the natural beauty of the park’s rugged coastline, panoramic views, California State Parks supports equal access. Prior to arrival, visitors with disabilities who need assistance should contact the Big Sur Station at (831) 649-2836. This publication is available in alternate formats by contacting: CALIFORNIA STATE PARKS P.O. Box 942896 Sacramento, CA 94296-0001 For information call: (800) 777-0369. (916) 653-6995, outside the U.S. 711, TTY relay service Discover the many states of California.™ Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park 11 miles south of Big Sur on Highway 1 Big Sur, CA 93920 (831) 649-2836 Julia Pfeiffer Burns photo courtesy of Big Sur Historical Society © 2011 California State Parks crashing surf and sparkling waters. J ulia Pfeiffer Burns State Park including the McWay and Partington families. Homesteaders were offers a dramatic meeting largely self-sufficient—making of land and sea—attracting a living as loggers, tanoak visitors, writers, artists and harvesters or ranchers by using photographers from around only the resources available on the world. The same geologic, the Big Sur coast. climate and marine processes Michael Pfeiffer moved that shape the character of to Sycamore Canyon in 1869 this beautiful park keep it when his daughter Julia was an undeveloped, susceptible to infant. She spent her life in Big Sur, natural forces. Wildfires and Julia Pfeiffer Burns inspired by its terrain, the sea and landslides are common. the wildlife. The steep slopes of the Santa Former U. S. congressman Lathrop Lucia Range and the rugged coast Brown and his wife, Helen Hooper Brown, embody the essence of the frontier spirit purchased property at Saddle Rock as and individualism of its early settlers. a vacation retreat. Julia Pfeiffer and her Visitors may hike, scuba dive, fish husband John Burns leased pasture land and explore the coastal overlook. Park from the Browns at Saddle Rock, near temperatures range from the mid-80s at McWay Falls. The Burnses lived south of the higher elevations inland to the mid-40s, with park at Slate’s Hot Springs (now the Esalen heavy winter rains and frequent coastal fog. Institute), providing tourists with hot meals PARK HISTORY and a bed. Native People The Browns enjoyed Julia’s plainEvidence suggests that the Big Sur coast spoken manner and big heart, and they was inhabited until the early 1800s by donated Saddle Rock Ranch as a state native California Indians who spoke the park dedicated to Julia Pfeiffer Esselen language. They used the forested Burns in 1962. The splendor and terrain as well as the coast for hunting seclusion of the Big and harvesting what they needed for Sur coast continues sustenance, utility and ornament. Surviving to draw vacationers Esselen descendants in Monterey County to this park. continue to honor and practice many of NATURAL HISTORY their ancestral traditions. This four-square-mile park is Early Pioneers situated on the central coast. The area of today’s park was homesteaded Steep canyons filled with ancient by a number of pioneers in the 1870s, redwood trees and sheer cliffs dropping nearly vertically to shore provide habitat for many sensitive aquatic and terrestrial species. Three perennial creeks flow through the park; Anderson, Partington and McWay Creeks begin nearly three thousand feet up in the Santa Lucia Mountains. McWay Creek ends in spectacular McWay Falls at its cove. Old- and second-growth coast redwoods grow within 100 yards of shore, near the southernmost point in California that supports this species. Wildlife and Plants Julia Pfeiffer Burns State Park links with the Ventana Wilderness and the Los Padres National Forest to form a wildlife corridor preserving 173,000 acres of contiguous open space for species needing wide-ranging habitats. Native vegetation types in the park include coastal scrub, chaparral, coastal prairie grasslands, mixed evergreen forest, riparian redwood forest and arroyo-willow riparian forest. Non-native California condor Image courtesy of Michael L. Baird Marine Life The Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary helps preserve California’s rich marine life in both rocky intertidal and coastal strand zones. The California Sea Otter State Game Refuge, with its extensive kelp forest, reaches Endangered resident of the California from the Carmel Sea Otter State Game Refuge River in the north to Cambria in the south. In the underwater portion of species include blue gum eucalyptus, the park, divers will be amazed by the acacia, mock orange and jubata grass. underwater pinnacles and cliffs along the These species originate elsewhere, coastline. Kelp greenling, cabezon and but they have taken over parts of the park. other colorful fish make their homes among Work to control non-native species the kelp. is ongoing. Four active seabird colonies make up Camping and Trails some of the largest of those found along Two tent-only, walk-in environmental the Big Sur coast. The central coast’s only campsites are available by reservation. For known colony of double-crested cormorants details, call (800) 444-7275 or visit lives just offshore. Partington and McWay Some park trails are canyons shelter sensitive butterfly undergoing rehabilitation due to natural populations, including one of only eighteen events. Observe all posted trail signs. surviving Smith’s blue butterfly colonies on Earth. Accessible Features Many species in the park are listed as An accessible trail for visitors leads from the either threatened or endangered, including parking lots to the scenic waterfall overlook. peregrine falcons, bald eagles, California Accessibility is continually improving. brown pelicans, California condors and For updates, call (916) 445-8949 or visit southern sea otters. Nearby state Parks • Pfeiffer Big Sur State Park 12 miles to the north on Highway 1 Big Sur 93920 (831) 649-2836 • Andrew Molera State Park 16 miles to the north on Highway 1 Big Sur 93920 (831) 649-2836 PLEASE REMEMBER • McWay Falls and the beach at McWay Cove are off-limits to visitors. • Tidal conditions can change quickly, and cliff overlooks are dangerous. Stay away from cliff edges to avoid being swept out to sea by sleeper waves any time of year. • Dive permits and surf conditions are available at Big Sur Station on Highway 1. • Except for service animals, pets are not permitted in campsites or on trails. All pets in the parking area must be attended on a six-footmaximum leash. • All natural and cultural features are protected by law and may not be disturbed or removed. This park receives support in part through the nonprofit Big Sur Natural History Association P. O. Box 274 Big Sur, CA 93920

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