"Point Arena-Stornetta unit of the California Coastal National Monument" by Bureau of Land Management California , public domain

California Coastal

Trinidad Gateway

brochure California Coastal - Trinidad Gateway

Brochure of Trinidad Gateway at California Coastal National Monument (NM) in California. Published by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

For more information, contact these Trinidad Gateway partners, who are working together to help protect and provide for public enjoyment of this unique part of the California coastline: Bureau of Land Management Arcata Field Office www.blm.gov/ca/arcata (707) 825-2300 California Coastal National Monument www.blm.gov/ca/pa/coastal_monument/ California Department of Fish and Game www.dfg.ca.gov/MRD (707) 445-6493 California State Parks North Coast Redwoods District www.parks.ca.gov (707) 445-6547 Trinidad Museum Society 400 Main Street Trinidad, CA 95570 Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria www.trinidad-rancheria.org (707) 677-0211 Tsurai Ancestral Society P. O. Box 62 Trinidad, CA 95570 Yurok Tribe www.yuroktribe.org (707) 482-1350 City of Trinidad www.trinidad.ca.gov (707) 677-0223 HSU Marine Lab 570 Ewing Street Trinidad, CA 95570 www.humboldt.edu/~marinelb/ Photos c by Bob Wick; Illustrations c by Gary Bloomfield; Design by Chris Lohoefener of the Natural Resources Services Division of Redwood Community Action Agency, with assistance from the Trinidad Museum Society, City of Trinidad, California Department of Fish and Game, Yurok Tribe and the Cher-Ae Heights Trinidad Rancheria CALIFORNIA COASTAL NATIONAL MONUMENT - TRINIDAD GATEWAY - Explore the Trinidad Coast BLM The California Coastal National Monument is a part of the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) National Landscape Conservation System. TRINIDAD’S ROCKY RICHES To Crescent City Welcome to Trinidad’s lovely, lonely coast. Here, dark spruce and redwood-cloaked ridges tumble onto coastal cliffs and hidden coves as Pacific waves explode against the offshore rocks and headlands. Trinidad’s majestic sea stacks are part of the California Coastal National Monument, a string of more than 20,000 rocks and small islands off the state’s 1,100 mile-long coastline. The National Monument was designated to protect the offshore rocks’ significant scenic and ecological values, and is managed by the Bureau of Land Management and its partners. Big Lagoon County Park Patrick’s Point State Park C a l i f o r n i a Trinidad see map inside The Trinidad area is one of the most spectacular and pristine segments of the California coast, and has been established as a California Coastal National Monument Gateway – an area that offers the best shore-based opportunities to discover and view offshore rocks and islands and their inhabitants. As you begin your coastal discovery, please remember that this is a unique and extremely fragile environment – tread lightly, view wildlife from Luffenholtz Beach a distance, and always respect your Houda Point surroundings. Moonstone Beach At very low tides, one can walk between Houda Point and Moonstone Beach. There is a walk-in sea cave, a waterfall that tumbles into the surf, numerous marine birds and rocky pools full of sea life. Clam Beach To Arcata/Eureka TSURAI: YUROK TRIBE’S COASTAL VILLAGE FROM CONTACT TO COMMERCE T he Yurok The canoe is a symbol of life and is important to the Yurok people for travel, food gathering, and religious ceremonies. A large part of the Yurok culture is centered along the water's edge, and ancestral villages are concen trated along the coast and Klamath River. Tsurai, meaning mountain, is the southernmost permanent village within Yurok territory. The village domain extends north from Trinidad Head (Tsurewa) to Beach Creek (O prmrg wroi) several miles up the coast, and south to Little River (Me'tsko or Srepor). Just as in the past, the Tsurai Village, Tsurewa, and the offshore rocks continue to be components of the Yurok cultural landscape embedded with deep cultural, historical, and spiritual significance to the Tsurais of the Yurok people. inhabitants of Tsurai first made contact with Europeans when explorers Hezeta and Bodega anchored in the bay and claimed the harbor for Spain on Trinity (Trinidad) Sunday in 1775. Over the next 75 years, British, Russian, and Spanish ships landed here for refuge, exploration, and sea otter hunting. American settlement began in 1850, when Trinidad became a port of entry to the Trinity River gold diggings. Since then, Trinidad harbor has hosted lumber and fishing fleets, and even served as a whaling port during the 1920s, processing up to 300 humpback whales a year. Today the harbor facilities are owned and operated by the Cher-Ae Heights Indian Community of the Trinidad Rancheria, and support a modest commercial and recreational fishing fleet, focusing mainly on salmon and dungeness crab. If you take a stroll down the Trinidad Pier, you might see some of these fishermen bringing in their catch. AN EVER-CHANGING LANDSCAPE I t’s easy to imagine the pounding ocean waves and rushing coastal streams wearing away the area’s bluffs and beaches, but hidden far under the surface, even more powerful forces are at work as active faults squeeze, fracture, and uplift the same landscape. These natural processes continually reshape rugged coastal landforms. Coastal bluffs - made of soft materials such as shale and clay - have been fractured and eroded away, forming sandy beaches such as College Cove and Old Home Beach. The harder, more resistant rocks - such as basalt and greenstone - withstand the erosive forces and create cliff-ringed headlands such as Trinidad Head and Elk Head, as well as the numerous offshore rocks and islands. A CLOSE-UP VIEW OF FAR-OFF ROCKS A t first glance, the offshore rocks may look grey and barren, but a closer inspection reveals they are covered with life. Numerous plants have adapted to survive in the harsh coastal environment, and grow in pockets protected from winter waves and drying salt-spray. Marine mammals and birds are the most visible occupants, as the rocks provide them refuge from land-based predators such as foxes, raccoons, and humans, and also provide an easy escape from marine predators such as great white sharks. Marine birds nest on the tops and sides of these rocks, and each bird species is partial to choosing just the right site. Pigeon guillemots build nests in rocky crevasses, while storm-petrels dig small burrows on rocks that have patches of soil. Common murres are actually “pelagic” - they spend most of their lives on the open ocean and only come to the rocks to nest and lay their eggs right on top of the rocks! Below the water’s surface, barnacles, sea stars, anemones, and a wealth of other intertidal life cement themselves to every inch of available space, taking advantage of one of the few stable places in this ever-changing environment. The scale of offshore rocks can be hard to appreciate – some reach several acres in size and are taller than a 10-story building! Pewetole Island Binoculars will allow you to view one of California’s largest colonies of Common murres – up to 60,000 birds nest on Green and Flatiron Rocks each spring and summer. WILDLIFE VIEWING TIPS TRINIDAD’S COASTAL TREKS • Watch quietly and avoid sudden movements • Bring binoculars to get a better view from a distance • If an animal notices your presence, back away • Do not attempt to rescue wildlife. If you think an animal is sick or injured, call the Northcoast Marine Mammal Center at (707) 465-6265 Axel Lindgr Lindgren en Memorial T Trai rail – Access to Old Home Beach from Memorial Lighthouse. Good family beach walking, protected from the wind with generally small waves. Great views of Camel rock, oystercatchers, pelicans and harbor seals. 1 Don’t forget to visit the Trinidad Museum! Check out the local artifacts and historic photos that tell the story of Trindad, past and present. Green Rock int s Po ick’ Patr Parker P arker Creek Trrai ail – Beautiful forested walk to Old Home Beach. Access to tidepools and close-up views of sea lions, marine birds and offshore rocks. 3 ve Dri Puffin Rock Trinidad Hea Head – 350-foot elevation gain, best overall views of coastline and nearby rocks, great views of Flatiron rock and Pewetole island, and great seasonal whale watching opportunities. 2 Hea – Yurok named me’wil-e’’g:rn Elk Head meaning “elk stand - always”. Level hike through spruce forest to coastal headland. Spectacular views of Pewetole Island, Trinidad Head, Green Rock and the coast north towards Patrick’s Point. Look for harbor seals in cove north of point. 4 4 Co ve Elk Head Hea Tr inidad Sate Beach – Walk the beach northward from the Trinidad neck of Trinidad Head. Great spot to view geology close up and to get a taste of tidepool life. More ambitious hikers can follow bluff-top trails to College Cove and Elk Head. ad Ro The HSU Marine Lab offers public displays on marine ecosystems and several aquariums with local marine life. ch oa ec ag St Co ll eg e Pewetole Island Trinidad Museum Museu ve ri D 1 Edwards Stree Street City Hall ic Trinidad Beach ate Beac State S en Sc HSU Marine Lab La Parker et S t re Flatiron Rock . Main St Trinity Street - HIGH TIDE WARNING Check tide tables before walking on beaches. Rising water can trap you against a cliff with no escape routes Remember: Dogs on Leash! Leash 3 Memorial Memoria Lighthous Lighthouse 2 Old Hom e Bea ch Blank Rock NEVER TURN YOUR BACK ON THE OCEAN The pounding surf, ice cold water and rip currents can be treacherous Cher-Ae Cher -Ae Heights Height Trinidad Rancheri Rancheria Common Murre Can fly as far as 100 miles to find food for their chicks and can dive up to 300 feet. Trinidad Head Prisoner Rock THE INTERTIDAL ZONE: NATURE’S AQUARIUM Pelagic Cormorant Nest on rocky headlands and offshore islands and are often seen diving for fish. Pilot Rock Black Oystercatcher With bright-red beaks, they pry limpets, mussels and other shellfish from the rocks. Giant Green Anemone Can live up to 50 years and like to eat small crabs, sea urchins and fish which they stun with stinging cells in their tentacles. California Sea Lion Can weigh up to 1,000 pounds and dive 500 feet deep. Ochre Sea Star Sea stars are voracious predators and use their tube feet to easily open clams and mussels to eat them. The Memorial Lighthouse offers breathtaking views of the Trinidad Coast and is a great viewpoint for whalewatching and spotting your favorite birds. On winter mornings, crab fishermen often gather here to watch the winter storm waves. They use certain offshore rocks to gauge wave-height, and call this spot “Chicken Point”as this is where they debate whether it is safe or smart to go out to sea that day! I magine spending part of each day underwater, part exposed to sun and drying winds, and the rest of the day being pounded by crashing waves. This is the daily life of inter-tidal plants and animals. Look and touc touch but don’t remove! remove Low tide is a magical time when you can walk on the bottom of the ocean to view some of these fascinating life forms. Trinidad’s best viewing of inter-tidal life is on the Walk on sand rocks along the north end of or bare rock rock! Trinidad State Beach and on parts of Old Home Beach. The most commonly seen creatures are barnacles, sea anemones, sea stars and a variety of kelp. Remember, they are extremely sensitive! Watch your step and avoid lifting or disturbing them.

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